• Short Summary

    EQUALITY OF THE SEXES IS OFFICIAL POLICY IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLICS OF EASTERN EUROPE, AND AN AUSTRALIAN REPORTING TEAM WHO RECENTLY VISITED BULGARIA WAS STRUCK BY THE WIDE RANGE OF WORK CARRIED ON THERE BY WOMEN.

  • Description

    EQUALITY OF THE SEXES IS OFFICIAL POLICY IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLICS OF EASTERN EUROPE, AND AN AUSTRALIAN REPORTING TEAM WHO RECENTLY VISITED BULGARIA WAS STRUCK BY THE WIDE RANGE OF WORK CARRIED ON THERE BY WOMEN.

    THEIR FILM SHOWS BULGARIAN WOMEN AT WORK AS TRAFFIC POLICE, TRAM DRIVERS, LUGGAGE PORTERS, TEXTILE MACHINISTS, BUILDING WORKERS AND CRANE OPERATORS. FOUR WOMEN ARE EVEN EMPLOYED AS AIRLINE PILOTS. LEGISLATION SANS WOMEN ONLY FROM EXCEPTIONALLY HEAVY WORK THAT MIGHT INJURE THEIR HEALTH. THERE ARE SPECIAL PROVISIONS IN THE LABOUR CODE FOR EXPECTANT MOTHERS TO TRANSFER TO LIGHTER WORK WITHOUT LOSS OF PAY, AND TO TAKE FOUR MONTHS OFF ON FULL PAY FOR THE BIRTH OF THE CHILD.

    FILM ALSO SHOWS THE STATE KINDERGARTENS WHICH CARE FOR THE CHILDREN IF BOTH PARENTS ARE WORKING. EIGHT THOUSAND OF THESE KINDERGARTENS ARE BEING BUILT OF PLANNED IN TOWNS, AND ANOTHER FIVE THOUSANDS IN THE COUNTRY DISTRICTS, TO BE OPEN AT THE HEIGHT OF THE FARMING SEASON.

    THE STATE IS ALSO PLANNING A NETWORK OF PUBLIC CANTEENS AND LAUNDRIES TO RELIEVE WOMEN OF DOMESTIC DUTIES AT HOME, WHICH ARE OFFICIALLY DESCRIBED AS "EXCEPTIONALLY HARD LABOUR OF LOW PRODUCTIVITY".

    MANY BULGARIAN WOMEN TAKE UP PROFESSIONAL CAREERS: A THIRD OF THE COUNTRY'S DOCTORS ARE WOMEN, AND ONE-FIFTH OF THE MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. THERE ARE TWO HUNDRED WOMEN LAWYERS, FORTY-SIX WOMEN MAGISTRATES AND PUBLIC PROSECUTORS, AND TWENTY FIVE WOMEN JUDGES.

    BUT DESPITE THE PUBLIC PRESSURE ON WOMEN TO CONTINUE PAID WORK AFTER MARRIAGE, THERE IS ALSO OFFICIAL ENCOURAGEMENT FOR THEM TO HAVE MORE CHILDREN. HALF A MILLION BULGARIAN WOMEN HOLD THE "MOTHER'S GLORY MEDAL", AWARDED TO THOSE WHO HAVE BROUGHT UP THREE OR MORE CHILDREN; AND FIVE HUNDRED THE "MOTHER'S HEROINE MEDAL", AWARDED TO THOSE WITH A FAMILY OF AT LEAST TEN.

    THE FILM HAS NATURAL OR EFFECTS SOUND THROUGHOUT.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA5AD9GCXWHJHYD8CKRRLOU9FRL
    Media URN:
    VLVA5AD9GCXWHJHYD8CKRRLOU9FRL
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    22/09/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:05:13:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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