The special summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) on Angola ended without agreement on Tuesday (13 January, 1976) after twenty seven hours of debate and many impassioned speeches.
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GV Africa Hall
CU INT. Delegate announces end of conference.
GV PAN Delegate of MPLA speaks in Portuguese PAN TO newsmen.
Handcuffed prisoners -- two Portuguese and followed by three South Africans enter room and pose for reporters. ZOOM IN TO handcuffs.
CU General Amin and Teferi Benti on reviewing stand at airport.
SV Guard of honour presents arms as Mobutu shakes hands with Benti. (2 shots)
ONU: "After seriously considering the Angolan problem from the tenth to the thirteenth of January, 1976, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government decided to adjourn the summit meeting and request the bureau of the twelfth summit Chairman Idi Amin of Uganda, and other OAU officials to continue to follow the Angolan problem closely."
Official spokesman, Peter Onu, gave this brief communique at the end of the meeting.
Twenty two members wanted recognition of the Soviet backed MPLA, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola. An equal number favoured a ceasefire, a Government of national unity and an end to all foreign intervention.
During the conference, the MPLA called a news conference to show journalists tow Portuguese and three South African soldiers captured in Angola. The two Portuguese, seen here in track suits, said they were captured near Luanda, the Angolan capital on September the seventh. They told journalists they had been fighting for the National Front for the Liberation of Angola, the FNLA, one of the other groups fighting for control. The South African soldiers were captured in December.
Many leaders feared that the passions raised by the Angolan conflict might force a deep division on the OAU. That was averted, but apparently only at the price of an admission that the organisation was powerless to take decisive action.
Uganda's President, Idi Amin, seen here on the reviewing stand at the airport, seems to have emerged from the conference with a boost to his personal prestige. Conference sources say the normally ebullient and unpredictable Field Marshal won respect at the summit for courtesy and restraint. They said that as Chairman, President Amin tried to avoid showing preference for either side and was anxious to find a solution.
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Background: The special summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) on Angola ended without agreement on Tuesday (13 January, 1976) after twenty seven hours of debate and many impassioned speeches.
The organisation was split down the middle on how to deal ??? the civil war in the former Portuguese colony. Twenty-two ???ers wanted recognition of the Popular Movement for the ???iberation of Angola (MPLA) and an equal number sought a ceasefire, a Government of national unity and an end to all foreign intervention.
The two remaining members, Uganda and Ethiopia refused to commit themselves, thus denying either side a majority.
A brief non-committal communique was issued by the official spokesman, Peter Onu, as delegates left the conference hall. It said the OAU would continue to follow the Angolan problem closely.
The wording of the communique indicated that none of the compromises put forward by different nations during the final session had gained general support.
One of the compromises included a condemnation of South Africa and the establishment of a committee to study the problem further, a conference source said.
Addis Ababa Radio, monitored in London, said the conference had failed. It quoted Field Marshal Amin, the Ugandan President and Chairman of the OAU, as saying the Angolan situation would be followed closely by the executive committee set up in Kampala last July.
At a news conference during the summit meeting, two Portuguese mercenaries and three South African soldiers were shown to journalists.
The mercenaries were put on show by the MPLA and they said they were captured near Luanda on 7 September, 1976. They identified themselves as Maximin Albaro Fernandez and Francisco Guise Tintin and said they had been fighting for the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA)
SYNOPSIS: A special summit meeting of the Organisation for African Unity, the OAU, ended without agreement on the Angola crisis on Tuesday. The organisation was split down the middle on how to deal with the Civil War in the former Portuguese colony.