• Short Summary

    PORTUGESE AUTHORITIES IN THE COLONY OF ANGOLA SAY THAT ANTI-GOVERNMENT ACTIVITY IS NOW VIRTUALLY UNDER CONTROL - BUT THE SITUATION IS STILL TENSE, AS TROOP MAINTAIN - CONSTANT PATROLS TO GUARD AGAINST FROM OUTBREAKS OF VIOLENCE.

  • Description

    PORTUGESE AUTHORITIES IN THE COLONY OF ANGOLA SAY THAT ANTI-GOVERNMENT ACTIVITY IS NOW VIRTUALLY UNDER CONTROL - BUT THE SITUATION IS STILL TENSE, AS TROOP MAINTAIN - CONSTANT PATROLS TO GUARD AGAINST FROM OUTBREAKS OF VIOLENCE.

    THE REBELLION, WHICH BROKE OUT THREE YEARS AGO, HAS CHANCED IT FORM FROM PITCHED BATTLES TO RECURRENT LOCAL ACTIVITIES AND SABOTAGE.

    THE LATEST MAJOR OUTBURST OF FIGHTING WAS AUGUST, 1964, WHEN MILITARY UNITS OF THE ANGOLAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE INFILTRATED THE CAPITAL, LUANDA, ATTACKING THE PORTUGESE COMMANDER'S HEADQUARTERS.

    SINCE THEN, REBEL ACTIVITY HAS DIED DOWN, BUT AN AVERAGE OF LONG PORTUGESE, SOLDIER A WEEK HAS BEEN KILLED IN ACTION.

    SINCE ITS FOUNDATION IN 1957, THE POPULAR MOVEMENT FOR THE LIBERATION OF ANGOLA (MPLA) HAS BEEN ACTIVE IN PROMOTING ANTI-PORTUGESE ACTIVITIES IN ANGOLA.

    THE "GOVERNMENT IN EXILE" (U.P.A.) FORMED IN 19564, HAS HEADQUARTERS IN LEOPOLDVILLE, CAPITAL OF THE WEIGHBOURING CONGOLESE REPUBLIC. A LARGELY PEASANT PARTY, WITH MASS SUPPORT PARTICULARLY IN THE NORTH OF ANGOLA, IT WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR NATIONALIST UPRISINGS THROUGHOUT THE NORTH THAT BEGAN IN MARCH, 1961.

    LATE IN 1963, THE U.P.A. LEADER, ALVARO HOLDEN ROBERTO, ANNOUNCED THAT HIS MOVEMENT HAD STARTED A MAJOR OFFENSIVE TO FORCE THE PORTUGESE OUT OF THE TERRITORY, WITH SOME 2,000 MEN SETTING OUT TO DRIVE A WEDGE INTO ANGOLA FROM THE CONGO. THE CAMPAIGN HAS BEEN UN SUCCESSFUL, BUT ANGOLA'S EXISTENCE AS A COLONY IS NOW DEPENDENT LARGELY ON FORCE-OF-ARMS.

    IN 1961, REBELS ROSE UP IN THE NORTH OF ANGOLA AND KILLED 1,500 EUROPEANS. THE SMALL TOWN OF QUITEXE BORE THE BRUNT OF ONE ATTACK. AT MARCH 15, 23 EUROPEAN MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN WERE KILLED, ANOTHER 15 OF THE TOWN'S INHABITANTS FOUGHT THEIR WAY OUT WITH HUNTING GUNS.

    AT PLAQUE ON THE WALL OF A CATHOLIC CHURCH ON A RISE 200 YARDS FROM THE TOWN LISTS THE NAMES OF THOSE WHO DIED.

    THE AREA IS TYPICAL OF THE TENSION APPARENT TODAY IN NORTHERN ANGOLA. SMALL FORTS DOT THE COUNTRYSIDE, AND AT EVERY POINT TRAVELLERS ARE CHECKED BY ARMY PATROLS.

    THE NORTH IS THE COUNTRY'S RICH COFFEE-PRODUCING AREA, AND IT WAS MAINLY THE COFFEE-FARMERS AND THEIR FAMILIES WHO WERE KILLED IN THE INITIAL UPRISINGS. MOST DIED IN THE FIRST COUPLE OF MONTHS OF THE REBELLION.

    AMBUSHES ARE NOW RARE ALONG THE NORTHERN ROADS, BUT IN THE HILLS, THE DANGER IS REAL. TROOPS IN ONE AREA HAVE BEEN DIGGING IN RECENTLY FOR DEFENCE AGAINST MORTAR ATTACK. PORTUGESE FORCES CONTROL THE VALLEYS AND PLAINS, BUT THE RIDGES AND BUSH COUNTRY ARE HEAVILY INFILTRATED BY REBELS.

    MOST OF THE 620 FARMS IN THE NORTH ARE CURRENTLY BEING WORKED, BUT THE LANDSCAPE IS PITTED WITH DERELICT FARMHOUSES AND GUTTED BUILDINGS.

    CARMONA HAS BEEN TURNED INTO A GARRISON TOWN, WITH MORE SOLDIERS THAN CIVILIANS. AT EACH END ARE BLOCK-HOUSES FOR THE MOUNTING OF MACHINE GUNS, AND AMERICAN-BUILT SHOOTING STAR JETS PATROL THE AREA, ARMED WITH NAPALM BOMBS.

    HOWEVER, THE REAL PRESSURE IS OFF AT THE MOMENT, AND SANDBAGS, THAT ONCE FORTIFIED THE AIRPORT BUILDING HAVE BEGUN TO ROT AWAY.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA57TP1X99JDR0OJY335TQWFDJZ
    Media URN:
    VLVA57TP1X99JDR0OJY335TQWFDJZ
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    12/10/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:00:44:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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