In Cyprus the ceasefire agreement signed in Geneva on Tuesday (30 July) seems to be working.
GV Nicosia street with shops hut
CU Damaged bannet of car
SV Troops looking in shop window
GV Nicosia street scene with busy pavements (2 shots)
CU Clerides interviewed
SVs Turkish militia on patrol in Nicosia (2 shots)
SV People at pavement cafe (2 shots)
SV Man lifts shutters on shop window
CU Denktash interviewed
CLERIDES: "Now, under the Treaty of Guarantee the Turkish Government... or Turkey...has he right to intervene for certain purposes; and one of those purposes was to restore constitutional order. Once the constitutional order is restored by an agreement reached by all the interested parties the Turkish Order has no legal right to maintain those forces in Cyprus."
BIERMAN: "Should they have had the right to intervene in the first place?"
CLERIDES: "Well, i have always had reservations on the validity of those treaties. But it would be now a rather theoretical discussing on whether they had the right to intervene militarily or not."
REPORTER: "Do you think that the prcent circumstances will result in a partition of the island?"
DENKASH: "No. Not unless Greeks press for Enosis. If they press for Enosis, certainly it will result in partition. But if they don't we'll have a federal State, and I think that if the Turks are given the security of lief and security of property they deserve in their autonomous area, the mutual confidence will start too grow, co-operation will begin, equality will be established and we'll have real peace."
REPORTER: "Do you want the Turkish population to move into the autonomous area?"
DENTASH: "I see no alternative for their future existence in cyprus as men...as human beings."
REPORTER: "That will be the role of the Turkish army, now on Cyprus?"
DENKTASH: "The role has been -- for their coming -- the protection of the Turkish community and the protection of the independence of Cyprus."
Initials JW/JB/BB/0240 BB/0228
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Background: In Cyprus the ceasefire agreement signed in Geneva on Tuesday (30 July) seems to be working. On Wednesday (31 July) British, Greek, Turkish and United Nations' officers were drawing up demarcation lines determining the Greek Cypriot and Turkish positions.
The United Nations' Commander on the island received only one complaint on Wednesday. President Glafkos Clerides said Turkish troops had violated the ceasefire by allegedly shelling -- from warships -- areas around Kyrenia on the island's north coast. But apart from this claim, Cyprus was reported quiet.
Earlier Mr. Clerides had praised the agreement as a means of halting the Turkish advance. He'll be at the next round of talks in Geneva in a week's time. He says he will explore all chances for peace, including the possibility of a federated Cyprus. In Nicosia on Wednesday John Bierman of the B.B.C. spoke to him:
After two weeks of war commercial life on the island is beginning to return to normal -- particularly in the Greek-dominated areas. In Nicosia, on Wednesday, the end to the fighting meant the re-opening of sops and bans. Many Greek Cypriots have given a cool reception to the peace agreement, saying it gives the Turks all the advantages. But the Turkish community, naturally, welcomed it. Turkish community spokesman Rauf Denktash spoke to another B.B.C. reporter: