SYNOPSIS: NASA'S REUSABLE SHUTTLE ORBITER...PART OF A NEW, LESS EXPENSIVE SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. A SPACESHIP?
Shuttle backs out of hanger at Palmdale, Cal.
Shuttle edges around side of hanger. Continue roll out
Mating device at Dryden Flight Research Centre, Cal.
Four-shot of Astronauts Haise, Fullerton, Engle and Truly
Gordon Fullerton Sync Intercut mission animation
"Yes, the facilities are nearing completion. The 747 is currently being modified at the Boeing Plant in Seattle, Washington. We expect them to begin flight testing of this aircraft with its modifications in December, and to transport it here to Dryden in January of 1977.
The Shuttle system, then, is launched vertically. About half way up, the solids burn out and drop off, and the orbiter continues on into orbit, using the thrust from the main liquid engines. The payload bay doors are open once the Shuttle is on orbit, and the payload inside is deployed or operated, depending on the type of mission that's to be flown. Once the mission is complete, then, the doors are closed, the smaller rocket engines that you see in the upper left and right corners of the aft part of the orbiter are fired to slow the orbiter enough to cause it to re-enter the atmosphere. It makes a nose-forward, nose-high re-entry, slowing its speed until finally it is flying conventionally as an aircraft, however undowered, and makes a gliding approach and landing to the runway."
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Background: SYNOPSIS: NASA'S REUSABLE SHUTTLE ORBITER...PART OF A NEW, LESS EXPENSIVE SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. A SPACESHIP THAT WILL PUT OUR COUNTRY IN THE EARTH ORBIT FREIGHT BUSINESS. THIS IS ORBITER 101 AS IT ROLLED OUT OF THE HANGER IN PALMDALE, CALIFORNIA. IT HAS BEEN NAMED THE "ENTERPRISE".
IT HAS TAKEN FOUR YEARS TO GO FROM THE ORBITER DESIGN STAGE TO THE NEARLY COMPLETED SPACECRAFT. THESE WERE SOME OF THE STEPS ALONG THE WAY.
THE NEXT STOP IS NASA'S DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTRE NEAR LANCASTER, CALIFORNIA. IT IS HERE THAT THE ENTERPRISE WILL BE MOUNTED PIGGYBACK ATOP A 747 FOR APPROACH AND LANDING TESTS. EVERYTHING IS NEARLY READY FOR THE UPCOMING TESTS, ACCORDING TO DIRECTOR OF SPACE SHUTTLE OPERATIONS, ISAAC T. GILLAM.
THESE ARE THE ASTRONAUTS WHO WILL BE INVOLVED IN THE FIRST TEST FLIGHTS OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE. JOE ENGLE, DICK TRULY, FRED HAISE, AND GORDON FULLERTON. WE ASKED GORDON FULLERTON TO DESCRIBE ONE OF THE TYPICAL SHUTTLE MISSIONS INTO SPACE THAT WILL BEGIN IN 1979.
THE REUSABLE SPACE SHUTTLE...A NEW TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM WITH ECONOMY IT'S MAJOR ASSET. A TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM CAPABLE OF DELIVERING 65,000 POUNDS OF PAYLOAD INTO ORBIT. DRUGS, METAL ALLOYS, ELECTRONIC CRYSTALS AND GLASS LENSES, ALL CAN BE PRODUCED IN WEIGHTLESS SPACE FAR SUPERIOR TO ANYTHING MADE ON EARTH. SATELLITES WILL BE MANUFACTURED MORE INEXPENSIVELY BECAUSE THEY CAN EITHER BE REPAIRED IN SPACE OR RETURNED TO EARTH. THESE ARE BUT A FEW OF THE JOBS THE SPACE SHUTTLE CAN DO AS IT WORKS FOR US IN SPACE AND FLYS BACK TO LIKE AN AIRPLANE, UP TO 100 TIMES.