The North American Air Defense Command Combat Operations Center is located deep within a mountain near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
The Apollo 14 countdown is being called one of the cleanest ever.
Launch Director Walter Kapryanan said today it has got to be a perfect mission. The Apollo 14 astronauts--Alan Shephard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa--spent several hours today in spacecraft trainers, practising critical manoeuvres such as the lunar orbit, the descent to the more and the start back toward earth.
One of the agencies helping to make the Apollo 14 flight a successful one is the North American Air Defense Command
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Background: The North American Air Defense Command Combat Operations Center is located deep within a mountain near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Specially trained personnel work around the clock charting
There are currently more than 21-hundred satellites and pieces of debris circling the earth about 15 times daily. Making sure that Apollo 14--hick is scheduled to be launched Sunday--does not collide with one of these objects is a full-time job.
It falls to the North American Air End Defense Command whose Combat Operations Center is located deep within a mountain near Colorado Springs, Colorado, Specially trained personnel--called Orbital analysts--work around the clock keeping track of the objects in space.
They get their tracking data the U.S. Air Forces from/Aerospace Defense Command Worldwide Censor System which includes Baker-Funn camera which visually verify the location of space objects ballistic missile early warning sights in phased array radar... and which tracks space objects ??? cameras--capable of photographing basketball-size objects 25-thousand miles in space...Ballistic missile early warning sights located in Greeland, Alaska and England...and phased array radar...which tracks space objects electronically.
The position and velofty information of all of the objects orbiting in space is recorded in computers at the Space Defense Center. The analysts will check the motion of the Apollo 14 relative to all of then other objects in space...and the information to the National Aeronautics and Spaces Administration.
Then...if necessary...NASA will instruct the Apollo 14 Astronauts to change course to avoid a possible collision...or tell them to look in a certain direction just to view the satellite object as it passes a safe distance from the spacecraft.
The program is called COMBO...which stands for Computation of Miss Between Orbits.
It's an important combination that should help the Apollo 14 Astronauts reach the moon safely.