• Short Summary

    A GROUP OF EUROPEANS IN RHODESIA HAS HELPED AFRICAN FARMERS INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT UP TO A HUNDRED-FOLD IN ONE SEASON.

  • Description

    1.
    GV PAN AFRICAN FARMER'S PLANTATION SHOWS CROPS
    0.11

    2.
    MV STANNING AND FARMER INSPECT TOBACCO CROP
    0.16

    3.
    CU STANNING
    0.20

    4.
    CU TOBACCO LEAVES
    0.26

    5.
    CU FARMER
    0.29

    6.
    CU STANNING
    0.31

    7.
    MV FARMER TENDS LEAVES
    0.36

    8.
    SCU STANNING SOF STARTS: "MR.STANNING, COULD YOU TELL..." SOF ENDS: "SOMETHING HAD TO BE DONE ABOUT IT."
    1.33

    9.
    LV AFRICANS BUILD TOBACCO SHED
    1.37

    10.
    MV AFRICANS WORK ON SHED
    1.40

    11.
    CU WORKING (2 SHOTS)
    1.47

    12.
    LV WORK ON SHED
    1.50

    13.
    CU WOMAN WITH BABY ON BACK REMOVES FLOWERS FROM TOBACCO PLANTS
    1.54

    14.
    SCU ANOTHER ANGLE DITTO
    1.57

    15.
    CU HANDLING LEAVES
    2.01

    16.
    CU WOMAN
    2.04

    17.
    MV CHILDREN, TILT TO COTTON CROP
    2.12

    18.
    CU COTTON FLOWER
    2.16

    19.
    SV STANNING AND FARMER WALK TO MAIZE CROP
    2.26

    20.
    CU LOOK AT MAIZE
    2.31

    21.
    SV CONTINUE INSPECTION
    2.37

    22.
    CU TILT UP MAIZE
    2.47

    23.
    GV VILLAGE
    2.51


    TRANSCRIPT: SEQ 8: REPORTER: "MR. STANNING, COULD YOU TELL ME WHAT THE AFRICAN FARMING DEVELOPMENT SCHEME IS?"



    STANNING: "IT IS BASICALLY A SELF-HELP SCHEME ORGANISED BY A GROUP OF EUROPEAN FARMERS TO TEACH AND ASSIST AFRICANS IN THE TRIBAL TRUST AREAS TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURE AND IMPROVE THEIR STANDINGS OF LIVING."



    REPORTER: "HOW DID THIS SCHEME COME ABOUT?"



    STANNING: "IT ORIGINATED ABOUT THREE YEARS AGO WHEN SOME OF US, FOR THE FIRST TIME, WENT INTO THE TRIBAL TRUST AREAS. UP UNTIL THAT TIME, THEY HAD ALMOST BEEN FORBIDDEN GROUND FROM THE PRIVATE POINT OF VIEW. WE WENT IN ON POLICE RESERVE DUTIES AND SAW THE STANDARD OF LIVING THESE PEOPLE HAD AND REALISED SOMETHING HAD TO BE DONE ABOUT IT."




    Initials JT/V/JF/BB JT/V/JF/OS



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: A GROUP OF EUROPEANS IN RHODESIA HAS HELPED AFRICAN FARMERS INCREASE THEIR OUTPUT UP TO A HUNDRED-FOLD IN ONE SEASON. SO SPECTACULAR HAVE BEEN THE RESULTS THAT OTHER AFRICANS HAVE BESIEGED THE GROUP FOR AID.

    AFRICANS HAVE SEEN THEIR LAND TRANSFORMED FROM A BADLY-ERODED, POORLY-TILLED STATE TO A RICH AND PROFITABLE PASTURE. SO FAR, THE SCHEME HAS BEEN RESTRICTED TO 31 FARMERS IN THE TOBACCO-GROWING CHIWESHE REGION, NORTH OF SALISBURY. BUT IT IS HOPED TO COVER AT LEAST 150 AFRICANS IN THE COMING SEASON.

    MONEY AND OTHER AID HAVE BEEN PROVIDED BY THE NON-PROFIT-MAKING AFRICAN FARMING DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, WHICH WAS FORMED BY A GROUP OF EUROPEANS WITH BACKING FROM BANKERS AND INDUSTRIALISTS. OUR REPORTER SPOKE TO MR. TOM STANNING, ONE OF THE FARMERS BEHIND THE SCHEME:
    TWO AFRICANS OFFERED THEIR LAND TO GET THE SCHEME LAUNCHED. IT WAS A BAD SEASON, BUT THEY STILL MANAGED TO MAKE A PROFIT. LAST SEASON, WHEN THE SCHEME HAD GROWN TO 31 FARMERS. YIELDED OUTSTANDING CROPS. FARMERS PROFITED BY UP TO GBP250. BEFORE THEN, THEY JUST MANAGED TO GROW ENOUGH FOOD FOR THEIR OWN NEEDS.

    EACH FARMER WAS LENT GBP300 BY THE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY TO START WITH. EUROPEANS HELPED CLEAR, PLOUGH AND FERTILISE THE LAND, WHILE SOIL EXPERTS WERE CALLED IN TO OFFER ADVICE ON THE BEST CROPS TO GROW. IT WAS DECIDED TO CONCENTRATE FOR A START ON CROPS YIELDING THE HIGHEST CAST RETURN -- SUCH AS BURLEY TOBACCO, MAIZE AND GROUND-NUTS -- TO ALLOW THE AFRICANS TO REPAY THE MONEY WITH THE MINIMUM HARDSHIP.

    IT WAS MR. STANNING WHO DID MOST OF THE WORK TO LAUNCH THE SCHEME. THE TWO INITIAL PLOTS OF LAND, HE SAID, WERE IN AN APPALLING STATE. THEY HAD BEEN CROPPED CONTINUOUSLY FOR 12 YEARS, SOIL EROSION WAS IN AN ADVANCE STATE, AND TREE STUMPS AND BOULDERS WERE SCATTERED THROUGHOUT.

    USING HIS OWN EQUIPMENT, MR. STANNING CLEARED THE LAND, SUBSOILED IT TO BREAK THE ALMOST INPENETRABLE HARD PAN JUST UNDER THE SURFACE, THEN PLOUGHED AND LIMED IT, AND FINALLY HAD IT HARROWED AND CONTOURED. THE AFRICANS WERE TO REPAY THE COST, BUT THEREAFTER ANY PROFIT THEY MADE WAS THEIRS.

    NOW THE AFRICAN FARMING DEVELOPMENT COMPANY HOPES TO EXTEND THE SCHEME TO COVER THE WHOLE COUNTRY UNDER A CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA4VCQ41L2DA7VH30SXP1XCW8G3
    Media URN:
    VLVA4VCQ41L2DA7VH30SXP1XCW8G3
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/03/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:51:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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