Black nationalist leaders have withdraw from crucial United Nations talks aimed at settling the war over the independence of Namibia.
Black nationalist leaders have withdraw from crucial United Nations talks aimed at settling the war over the independence of Namibia. Representatives of the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) have refused to take part in talks on an independence plan by five Western nations, following the raid by South African troops on SWAPO bases inside Angola.
South Africa rules Namibia, formerly South-West Africa, under a League of Nations mandate which was cancelled by the United Nations in 1966.
SYNOPSIS: Between three-hundred and seven-hundred South Africa soldiers crossed the border from Namibia and penetrated deep into Angolan territory. The raid was all over within a day, but by them villages had been burnt, a power station seriously damaged and, according to Angola, about six-hundred Namibians had been killed. The South African forces said they lost five dead, and Angola said 16 of its troops had been killed. South Africa's Lieutenant-General Jack Dutton said the raid was a "Limited military operation". He said it was aimed only at the SWAPO border bases and the guerrilla headquarters in Angola. As the South Africans withdrew at the end of the raid, Angolan troops advanced and an Angolan military spokesman said his country's forces were now firmly in control of the area.
South Africa's General Dutton said the attack had been made to prevent future raids by SWAPO guerrillas into Namibia. He said a lot of ammunition and weapons had been found and confiscated. Reaction around the world has generally been in condemnation of the raid. The United Nations Security Council strongly condemned the raid, and called on South Africa to respect Angola's territorial integrity.