The third world non-aligned summit conference was opened in Lusaka on Tuesday (September 8) with a call from President Kaunda of Zambia for economic co-operation to consolidate political independence.
The third world non-aligned summit conference was opened in Lusaka on Tuesday (September 8) with a call from President Kaunda of Zambia for economic co-operation to consolidate political independence. The three-day conference is being attended by the leaders of over 60 nations.
The conference is scheduled to end today (Thursday, September 10) and it expected that the formal speeches will give place to discussion on the draft resolutions now being prepared by the political and economic committees.
One - as yet - unresolved question is whether the conference will set up any permanent machinery. (The last non-aligned summit was in Belgrade in 1964. Several of the more prominent participants such as Zambia, Tanzania and Yugoslavia are in favour of permanent body -- President Milton Obote of Uganda suggested that the conference chairman, President Kaunda, be appointed secretary of such a body with a mall steering committee to assist him -- but others, such as President Suharto of Indonesia are against.
However, most of the leaders did not agree with President Kaunda, the conference chairman, in his call for economic co-operation among the non-aligned nations.
The main emphasis of the first two days was on the issue of southern Africa. Western nations were condemned for lending support -- economic, political and military -- to the white minority regimes ruling in Africa. The support for the African liberation movements -- some of whom were represented by observers at the conference -- came not only from African leaders: President Tito of Yugoslavia, the founding father of the non-alignment movement, urged the conference to give support to the guerril movements in southern Africa; and Prime Minister Forbes Burnham of G??? said his country would make immediate financial contributions to the movements -- and would continue to do so annually.
As he opened the conference President Kaunda called on the delegates to stand for a minute's silence in honour of those who had fallen "so that we might be free" -- a reference to African freedom fighters.
A fanfare of trumpets greeted such leaders as Mrs Indira Gandhi of India, President Suharto of Indonesia -- who together stand at the head of over 700 million of the world's underprivileged -- as they took their seats around an impressive oval-shaped conference table in the brightly lit, copper-decorated Mulungushi hall.