INTRODUCTION: Delegates from 40 Moslem countries attended the opening session of the Islamic Conference's Commission for Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs on Monday (30 March), in Jakarta.
GV Luxury homes of wealthy and officials. (4 SHOTS)
SV Young Indonesian boy clipping lawn by hand.
SV House servants washing and doing kitchen work in luxury house. (2 SHOTS)
GV, SV Houses of middle-class. (4 SHOTS)
GV PAN Shops in shopping area.
GV ZOOM IN & OUT Housing area of the poor. (3 SHOTS)
SV People washing clothes in river. (2 SHOTS)
GV Slum dwellings at side of railway track. (4 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Delegates from 40 Moslem countries attended the opening session of the Islamic Conference's Commission for Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs on Monday (30 March), in Jakarta. Indonesian Foreign Minister Mochtar Kusumaatmadja told the opening session that this seventh Commission meeting was to consider and propose recommendations for allocating three billion U.S. dollars for development programmes in the Islamic world. But even oil-rich economies like Indonesia are faced with large disparities between the rich and the very poor who comprise 40 percent of the country's reported 147 million population.
SYNOPSIS: In the capital, the small minority enjoying wealth include the high-ranked military and government officials, and the developers, making money from the current boom. Indonesia with its ever-increasing oil and gas revenues is now in a strong position to expand its economy over the next year. This will improve living standards and make the country more self sufficient.
But some economies maintain that the small middle class and even smaller wealthy sectors will be the real beneficiaries.
President Suharto announced wage increases for three million civil servants recently to attempt to abolish alleged corruption in the services. Food and fuel subsidies will be increased this year, but for those who earn about one dollar a day, subsistent remains very basic.
One major obstacle to rapid development - the population explosion - is constant. The President disclosed it is now averaging an increase of almost two and a half percent a year.
The latest estimates are reported to be at least five million more than had been officially anticipated.
This puts the country's goal of self-sufficiency in rice production still some way off. It also means that programmes to reduce unemployment, will be under even greater pressure. Government figures report that 14 million people between the ages of 15 and 30 are unemployed. But despite Indonesia's problems, oil wealth gives the government grounds for confidence.