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    These people in white, who have pledged loyalty to the most humane of professions, are entrusted with what we hold most dear, the lives and health of children ...

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    Background: These people in white, who have pledged loyalty to the most humane of professions, are entrusted with what we hold most dear, the lives and health of children ...

    In November the Moscow Institute of Pediatrics and Child Surgery will be 40 years old.

    Forty years of continuous endeavor and experimentation, forty years of fruitful work.

    So many children's lives have been saved, so many families made happy!
    The Institute is doing research to improve methods for the prevention of children's diseases such as pneumonia, allergies, rheumatism and collagenic ailments, children's contagious diseases, and for solving problems of children's surgery.

    There are 17 departments in the Institute, Neuro-surgery, Pathology, Child Physiology, Children's Surgery, and others.

    A heart operation - a difficult, involved operation that for years doctors could not risk performing.

    It is particularly difficult for a child's delicate organism to withstand a surgical operation.

    But there is no cause for anxiety. Operating on children with congenital heart disease has become a common occurrence. Four or five little patients, even infants, undergo the operation every day.

    These children were born with serious disorders of the heart, liver, or lungs ...

    The surgeon corrects the errors of nature. Right now, without delay ...

    Once again death had to retreat ... the little one will live!
    The surgical work is bound up with pediatric research. The little ones are under constant medical supervision and get the bet of care. On the average, five people on the medical staff are assigned to just one child.

    Among the medical personnel at the Research Institute are 6 professors, 12 people with doctorates, and 45 with masters' degrees.

    Little Tanya has been seriously ill. She had bronchial asthma at the age of two.

    The worst is over, but she is still under continuous medical supervision.

    A precise record of the current and bio-currents of the heart, and of the breathing apparatus.

    Such new, impersonal methods help to diagnose a child's condition, give quick assistance, and prevent disease.

    It's easier for an adult to understand that even the most unpleasant procedure is for the purpose of curing and allaying suffering.

    But what's to be done with the little pre-school, patients?
    Just try and tell the baby that this is the finest diagnostic apparatus for checking up on breathing.

    Ordinary tenderness and an amusing toy can help ...

    A comprehensive examination of the child's organism is a distinctive feature of the work done by the Institute.

    Modern methods of clinical, functional and laboratory check-ups are widely used. In addition there are examinations by bio-chemists, immunologists, and functional diagnosticians.

    The baby will feel quite at home in this crib while the doctor watches what the sensor records.

    It is important to establish how much oxygen is consumed during sleep, the temperature, and breathing movements of children with allergies.

    As soon as the youngsters feel a little better they want to play and are ready for mischief. They feel bored just staying in the ward ...

    This is a good time to introduce special calisthenics.

    The exercises help to strengthen the child and provide him with an outlet for his energy.

    Aside from doctors, the Institute is staffed with nurses, teachers, and methodology experts.

    In accordance with the school program the children are taught drawing, singing, and music. Like the health service this is all free of charge.

    The Institute staff goes on with its fruitful work. It constantly seeks and finds new ways, approaches and methods.

    It is the aim of the Institute to use its findings for the purpose of reducing to the minimum the incidence of child disease.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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