• Short Summary

    MORE THAN 30-THOUSAND PEOPLE OF THE JAPANESE CITY OF HIROSHIMA ON FRIDAY REMEMBERED THE TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DROPPING OF THE ATOMIC BOMB ON THE CITY WITH PRAYERS FOR PEACE AND DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

  • Description


    HIROSHIMA TODAY AND RUINED CHURCH; MEMORIAL CEREMONY IN HIROSHIMA PEACE PARK, SOF INTERVIEW WITH THREE AMERICAN AIRMEN.



    TRANSCRIPT:



    INTERVIEWER: "HAVE YOU HAD ANY SECOND THOUGHTS, ANY FEELINGS OF GUILT ABOUT THIS?"



    SWEENEY: "I HAVE NOT, PRESIDENT TRUMAN HAS NOT. HE MADE THE DECISION WITH, I AM SURE, ALL THE ADVICE OF MANY LEARNED MEN. AND WE ALL KNOW THERE WERE SOME VERY LEARNED MEN WHO WERE IN DISAGREEMENT. IT WAS A DIFFICULT DECISION, I AM SURE, FOR HIM TO MAKE. BUT, I HAVE NEVER DISAGREED WITH IT AND I NEVER WILL."



    KERMIT BEHAN: "WELL, I AGREE WITH GENERAL SWEENEY. I THINK THAT IT SHOULD BE POINTED OUT THE USE OF THE BOMBS FOR STALLED INVASION, AND PROBABLY AS A RESULT SAVED MANY HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF LIVES, BOTH AMERICAN AND JAPANESE. I HAVE NO REGRETS OR GUILT COMPLEXES."



    BESER: "UNEQUIVOCALLY NO. I THINK IT WAS SOMETHING THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN DONE AT THE TIME, IN THE EVENT OF ANOTHER CONFLICT OF THAT MAGNITUDE IT MAY EVEN BE INDICATED AGAIN, ALTHOUGH WE HOPE IT WILL NEVER BE AGAIN NECESSARY."




    Initials PBS/V/MR/BB



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: MORE THAN 30-THOUSAND PEOPLE OF THE JAPANESE CITY OF HIROSHIMA ON FRIDAY REMEMBERED THE TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DROPPING OF THE ATOMIC BOMB ON THE CITY WITH PRAYERS FOR PEACE AND DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

    AT EXACTLY 0815 HOURS LOCAL TIME, HIROSHIMA BECAME SILENT FOR ONE MINUTE AS THE HALF MILLION INHABITANTS REFLECTED ON THE EXPLOSION PRECISELY 20 YEARS BEFORE IN WHICH 60-THOUSAND PEOPLE DIED.

    THE MEMORIAL CEREMONY AT THE HIROSHIMA PEACE PARK WAS ATTENDED BY MANY PEOPLE WHO SURVIVED THE HORROR OF THE ATOMIC BOMB IN 1945, AND MANY PEOPLE WHOSE RELATIVES HAVE SINCE DIED FROM THE EFFECTS OF RADIATION.

    THE CEREMONY WAS HELD UNDER GREY SKIES WITH THE THREAT OF A TYPHOON IN THE AIR. IT OPENED WITH THE MAYOR OF HIROSHIMA PLACING A LIST CONTAINING THE NAMES OF 49 PEOPLE WHO HAD DIED DURING THE PAST YEAR FROM THE EFFECTS OF THE ATOMIC BOMB IN A MEMORIAL STONE.

    LATER, ONE THOUSAND PIGEONS, SYMBOLS OF PEACE, WERE RELEASED.

    IN THE UNITED STATES, THE CREWS OF THE AIRCRAFT WHICH CARRIED THE HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI ATOMIC BOMBS HELD A REUNION. THEY INCLUDED JACOB BESER, RADAR OBSERVER, AND KERMIT BEHAN, BOMBADIER ON THE HIROSHIMA RAID. ALSO PRESENT WAS GENERAL SWEENEY,THE PILOT OF THE AIRCRAFT WHICH CARRIED THE SECOND ATOMIC BOMB, DROPPED ON NAGASAKI ON AUGUST 9, 1945.

    ALL THREE MEN SAID THEY HAD NO SECOND THOUGHTS OR FEELINGS OF GUILT ABOUT THE HISTORIC ROLES THEY PLAYED.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA4PGXZAL3R3XFKJ03NIL4OW7OV
    Media URN:
    VLVA4PGXZAL3R3XFKJ03NIL4OW7OV
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    08/08/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:41:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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