The remote British Protectorate of Swaziland celebrated the birthday of Queen Elizabeth June 10 in its own colourful way.
The remote British Protectorate of Swaziland celebrated the birthday of Queen Elizabeth June 10 in its own colourful way. Headed by a military band, the Swazi Regiment marched impressively into the crowded Stadium at Mbabane to take part in the ceremony.
King Sobhuza 11, the 61-year-old paramount chief who has ruled Swaziland for forty years, Queen Mother Ndlovukazi, the Resident Commissioner, Mr. B. A. Marwick- who took the salute - and other officials were all present for the military review and march past.
It was reported that King Sobhuza has strongly resisted the African nationalist campaign started recently by the Swaziland Progressive Party. In May there was a clash between Swazi traditionalists and the nationalists at a meeting of the 14 Africans members of the Constitutional Committee, which also includes eight Europeans.
After a long exchange of abuse at this African meeting, the Progressive Party Chairman, Mr. Nquku, was expelled. But the Party Secretary, Dr. Zwani, remained.
On June 6 it was announced that the British Government had agreed in principle to the building of a 200-mile railway line in Swaziland, to transport South African ore for export, at a cost of GBP8 million. The line will start from the Bomvu Ridge iron ore deposits across the Transvaal border and will join a link line constructed by the Portuguese to Lourenco Marques.
Swaziland has a population of 250,000 Africans and 8,000 Europeans.