INTRODUCTION: Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere, on a visit to Peking, secured Chinese agreement to a 10-year delay in the start of repayments on a loan for the construction of the Tanzania-Zambia railway.
PEKING SV PULL BACK FROM National flags to GV INTERIOR banqueting hall. (MUTE)
SV President Nyerere speaking. (5 SHOTS) (MUTE)
SV Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang speaking Nyerere and others listening. (3 SHOTS) (MUTE)
GV Banquet guests stand and applaud. Nyerere and Chinese leader toast each other. (2 SHOTS) (MUTE)
1970: SV EXTERIOR President Kuanda lays foundation stone. (2 SHOTS)
GV Track being laid by machine, workers shovelling stones. (2 SHOTS)
1972: GV Train along track, Nyerere seated with Chinese officials. (3 SHOTS)
GV Tanzanian flag on bridge.
1973: SV PAN UP FROM Presidents unveiling plaque.
SVs Workers laying track while Presidents look on. 1.49
TRAVEL SHOT Going past newly finished station.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere, on a visit to Peking, secured Chinese agreement to a 10-year delay in the start of repayments on a loan for the construction of the Tanzania-Zambia railway. The Chinese also agreed to provide technical experts to help service the 1,860 kilometre (1,155 mile) railway which was handed over to the Tanzanian and Zambian governments in July 1976.
SYNOPSIS: President Nyerere attended a banquet in Peking on Wednesday (25 March) hosted by Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang.
Referring to the railway President Nyerere admitted that the Tanzanians were not as good at running it as the Chinese experts who worked with them on its opening. He added ho-hoped nobody would underestimate its importance to his country and the whole of Southern Africa. In five years the railway had lost 25 million U.S. dollars.
Premier Zhao Ziyang welcomed President Nyerere on his fourth visit to the country. The Chinese have agreed to a 10-year delay on the start of repayments of 680 million dollar interest-free loan for the construction of the railway.
In 1970, President Kuanda of Zambia inaugurated work on the railway in Dar-es-Salaam.
It was a massive undertaking -- more than eleven hundred miles of track had to be laid. The railway links the rich Zambian copper belt with the sea at Dar-es-Salaam. The hardest work was in Tanzania where the railway crosses the Southern Highlands.
President Nyerere went on an inspection tour in 1972 with some of the Chinese technical experts working on the project. But the line has had a history of derailments and crashes partly caused by subsidence in heavy rains.
In 1973, the railway was through to the Zambian border. This was an occasion for another ceremonial meeting of the two presidents. Although the line has been plagued by troubles, its importance is vital to the two countries.
The railway was planned mainly to allow Zambia to export her copper without having to send it through Zimbabwe. President Kaunda originally called it the "Freedom railway".