• Short Summary

    The 15th anniversary of the EOKA uprising in Cyprus was observed despite a government ban on such demonstrations.

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    The 15th anniversary of the EOKA uprising in Cyprus was observed despite a government ban on such demonstrations.

    Defying the government orders that quiet church celebrations should replace street parades, Bishop Yiennadios of Paphos, an opponent of Archbishop Makarios, President of Cyprus, led a crowd through Kyrenia's streets. They included members of the Greek army in Cyprus.

    On the eve of the anniversary, supporters of former EOKA leader General George Grivas, now in hiding in Cyprus, carried torches through Kyrenia and rallied for dancing and traditional songs of the Grivas-led movement for union with Greece.

    Archbishop Makarios had banned demonstrations because of new violence and tension in the divided island. In the capital, Nicosia, the order was followed and the streets were empty. The only official celebration was at Phaneromeni Church were a service was held with a military guard of honour. The President and members of the government attended.

    On Saturday (March 31) Archbishop Makarios conducted a service at the Greek army camp in Nicosia in memory of Greek Cypriots who died in the Eoka campaign of the late 1950s.

    The government clampdo??? celebrations was believed to come after reports that followers of General Grivas, in hiding since his return to Cyprus in 1971, were plotting to overthrow the president. Archbishop Makarios' independent Cyprus policy angers Grivas' followers who maintain the original aim of EOKA, unity with Greece.

    Spokesmen for General Grivas say his candestine organisation and presence in the Island is to prevent partition between Greek and Turkish Cypriots -- a move that would rule out unification with Greece (Known as 'Enosis').

    SYNOPSIS: Torchlight lit the sky of Kyrenia, Cyprus on Saturday night.

    It was the eve of the fifteenth anniversary of the EOKA uprising that led to the end of British rule. Dancers in national costume and the torchlight parade through the streets were in defiance of a government ban on such observances of the anniversary.

    Violence and tension in the divided Island was the government's reason. But Greek supporters of General George Grivas, the former leader of EOKA defied the order with their parade.

    General Grivas has been in hiding since 1971, but the rally by his supporters heard a message of encouragement through a Grivas spokesman, George Vasailiadea. General Grivas and his followers want the realisation of EOKA's original purpose -- unity with Greece. They oppose the independent Cyprus government of Archbishop Makarios.

    The day of the anniversary passed in unnatural silence in Nicosia because of the government ban. Deserted streets and decorated but deserted churches marked the day. Exuberant street marches had been the tradition in other years.

    Nicosia newspapers carried giant ???otures of Grivas. The ban on marcher was believed to stem from fear of a pro-Grivas coup on the anniversary and security was evident everywhere.

    Police guarded the phaneromeni Church where President Makarios observed the only official celebration of the anniversary, inspecting a guard of honour before a memorial mass.

    Crowds were small, with little crowding outside in the street. The Archbishop attended with many members of the government.

    Among them was Mr. Glafoos Clerides, the Greek President of the fifty-member Cyprus House of Representatives.

    In the town of Kyrenia the government attempt to mute the observances was largely ignored, first by the anniversary eve torchlight parade, then by a march through the streets on Sunday. Bishop Yiennadios of Paphos and Greek army leaders led the march. The Bishop led an attempt to unseat President Makarios as Archbishop last year.

    The Grivas movement seeks 'Enosis' or full absorption of Cyprus into Greece. But the Enosis movements's candidate for president, was heavily defeated by Archbishop Makarios in 1968. General Grivas and his followers have since claimed responsibility for various acts of violence on the Island.

    About twenty explosions rocked the Island, but did not damage on the eve of the anniversary. But there were few incidents on Sunday and the Kyrenia parade finished without incident.

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