• Short Summary

    LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WAS A STUDY IN CONTRASTS YESTERDAY (date - source) AS TWO OF THE CITY'S HIGH SCHOOLS OPENED ON AN INTEGRATED BASIS.

  • Description

    LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WAS A STUDY IN CONTRASTS YESTERDAY (date - source) AS TWO OF THE CITY'S HIGH SCHOOLS OPENED ON AN INTEGRATED BASIS.

    AT ONE SCHOOL A DEMONSTRATION THAT WAS MILD -- MILD WHEN COMPARED TO THE VIOLENCE OF 1957. AT THE OTHER SCHOOL, COMPLETE INDIFFERENCE. THE N.A.A.C.P. LEADER WHO HAS BEEN A PRIME MOVES FOR INTEGRATION IN LITTLE ROCK -- MRS. DAISY BATES -- SAYS TODAY IS THE CRUCIAL DAY. SHE SAYS (QUOTE) "IF THERE IS NO TROUBLE, WE'VE GOT IT LICKED." SEGREGATIONIST LEADERS, HOWEVER, WERE BUSY DURING THE NIGHT, ACCORDING TO ONE REPORT. THEY MET SECRETLY, PLANNING THEIR NEXT MOVE.

    JEFFERSON THOMAS (CQ) AND ELIZABETH ECKFORD (CQ) WERE THE ONLY NEGROES AMONG MORE THAN ONE_THOUSAND STUDENTS AT CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL. THEY REPORTED NO DIFFICULTY IN THE BUILDING. ELIZABETH HAS ENOUGH CREDITS FOR COLLEGE AND WILL NOT RETURN TODAY. FOR SEGREGATIONISTS........
    ....THE DAY'S ACTIVITY BEGAN AT THE STATE CAPITAL BUILDING. GOVERNOR FAUBUS URGED THEM NOT TO USE VIOLENCE ON THIS OCCASION.... IMPLYING THERE WOULD BE A TIME FOR SUCH ACTION. POLICE, EQUIPPED WITH CLUBS, AND FIREMEN, READY TO USE THEIR HOSES, FORMED A SKIRMISH LINE TO BLOCK AND FINALLY DISPERSE SOME 400 (four-hundred) MARCHING SEGREGATIONISTS.

    THE MARCH ON LITTLE ROCK'S CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL. TWENTY-FOUR PERSONS WERE ARRESTED.

    IN SHARP CONTRAST -- COMPLETE TRANQUILLITY WAS THE CASE AT HALL HIGH SCHOOL IN THE FASHIONABLE RESIDENTIAL SECTION OF LITTLE ROCK. THREE NEGRO GIRLS -- THE ONLY MEMBERS OF THEIR RACE AMONG NEARLY 600 (six-hundred) STUDENTS -- SAID THEY HAD NO DIFFICULTIES....NO CROWDS......NO DEMONSTRATION.

    PUBLIC SCHOOL INTEGRATION BEGAN, YESTERDAY, WHEN TWO NEGRO STUDENTS ENTERED CENTRAL HIGH WHILE THREE OTHERS ENTERED HALL HIGH SCHOOL IN LITTLE ROCK.

    THERE WAS NO TROUBLED IN THE SCHOOLS
    BUT A CROWD OF A THOUSAND PERSONS GATHERED AT THE STATE CAPITOL. THERE, THEY HEAD GOVERNOR FAUBUS TELL THEM IT WAS NOT WISE TO CONTEMPLATE VIOLENCE.

    SEVERAL HUNDRED OF THE CROWD THOUGHT DIFFERENTLY. THEY MARCHED ON CENTRAL HIGH, CHANTING INTEGRATION SLOGANS AND BEARING PLACARDS.

    A BLOCK FROM THE SCHOOL THEY RAN INTO A POLICE LINE WITH THESE RESULTS.

    A NIGHT-STICK OPENED A HEAD WOUND AND THIS BLEEDING DEMONSTRATOR WAS LED AWAY, ONE OF 24 (twenty-four) WHO WERE ARRESTED.

    SEVERAL WOMEN WERE IN THE FOREFRONT. WHEN THEY REFUSED TO MOVE BACK, THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED.

    THREE WOMEN WERE ARRESTED, INCLUDING THESE TWO BEING LED AWAY BY A DETECTIVE AND A PATROLMAN.

    FINALLY, POLICE CHIEF GENE STRATTON, HEREON THE RIGHT, CALLED FOR FIREMEN TO TRAIN A HOSE ON THE SEGREGATIONISTS.

    IN THE MIDST OF IT ALL, A YOUNGSTER PLAYED CLOWN, LYING IN THE WET STREET, SIMULATING A BREAST STROKE.

    WHEN SCHOOL LET OUT, THE TWO NEGRO YOUNGSTERS WAITED QUIETLY FOR THEIR CAR. THERE WERE A FEW CATCALLS, BUT NOTHING MORE.

    AT HALL HIGH SCHOOL, ALL WAS QUIET. POLICE WERE ON HAND, BUT THEY WERE NOT NEEDED.

    THREE NEGRO GIRLS ENTERED THE SCHOOL WITHOUT INCIDENT.

    MRS. DAISY BATES, THE LITTLE ROCK CHAIRMAN OF THE N.A.A.C.P., THINKS TODAY (8/13/59) MAY BE THE BIG TEST FOR INTEGRATION IN THE HIGH SCHOOLS OF THE ARKANSAS CAPITAL. MRS. BATES SAID "IF WE GET BY TODAY, INTEGRATION WILL BE A SUCCESS." THIS MORNING MRS. BATES SAID SHE THOUGHT THE WORST WAS OVER.

    WITH THE HELP OF A CONTINGENT OF POLICEMEN AND FIREMEN TWO LITTLE ROCK HIGH SCHOOLS YESTERDAY BEGAN CLASSES WITH FIVE NEGROES IN THEIR TOTAL ENROLMENT OF 2,2000 (twenty two -- hundred) STUDENTS. THOMAS JEFFERSON AND ELIZABETH ECKFORD WERE ASSIGNED TO CENTRAL HIGH AND THEIR APPEARANCE WAS THE REASON SEGREGATIONISTS GATHERED AT THE STATE CAPITOL TO HEAR AN ADDRESS FROM GOVERNOR FAUBUS. HE URGED NO VIOLENCE BUT SOME 400 (four-hundred) MEN AND WOMEN MARCHED ON THE SCHOOL BEHIND A SCREEN OF AMERICAN FLAGS. POLICE ORDERED THEM TO DISPERSE. BUT THE CROWD RETORTED WITH CATCALLS. FIREMEN TURNED ON THEIR HOUSES IN THE TRADITIONAL EUROPEAN MANNER. SEVERAL WOMEN SCREAMED....ONE FAINTED....AND THE CROWD WAS SCATTERED.

    IT WAS A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT STORY AT LITTLE ROCK'S HALL HIGH SCHOOL. THREE NEGRO GIRLS STARTED CLASSES THERE WITHOUT INCIDENT.

    INCIDENTALLY, IN CONTRAST TO WHAT WENT ON OUTSIDE GENERAL HIGH, THE TWO NEGRO STUDENTS SAID AFTER CLASSES THAT THEIR WHITE SCHOOL MATES LARGELY IGNORED THEM....BUT THEY WERE NOT UNFRIENDLY.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA4EIAPQB0WTKFMF9YE09GMR32G
    Media URN:
    VLVA4EIAPQB0WTKFMF9YE09GMR32G
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    13/08/1959
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:23:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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