• Short Summary

    After 20 years of gradual build-up, Japan has now assumed responsibility for the defence of its own territory.

  • Description

    1.
    TILT DOWN..from corps flag to trumpeter (2 shots)
    0.14

    2.
    ZOOM OUT..from soldiers walking past to GV PAN..soldiers
    0.29

    3.
    CU Tank tracks past
    0.32

    4.
    MV Tanks and troop carriers over rough country (2 shots)
    0.43

    5.
    GV Troops infantry follow up tanks
    0.50

    6.
    SV PAN..from officer to gun crew
    0.56

    7.
    CV Gun crew
    1.01

    8.
    PAN..soldiers watching
    1.09

    9.
    MV Tank firing in simulated battle (2 shots)
    1.20

    10.
    MV Troops out of armoured carrier
    1.22

    11.
    MV Officer watching through binoculars
    1.23

    12.
    LV Heavy artillery firing and explosions (4 shots)
    1.26

    13.
    MV Soldiers using flame thrower
    1.30

    14.
    MV Light tanks and armoured troop carriers firing guns (3 shots)
    1.39

    15.
    MV Heavy tanks in action (2 shots)
    2.03

    16.
    MV Anti-tank rocket being fired, in flight and hitting target (3 shots)
    2.21

    17.
    CU PAN..along Japanese supersonic fighter (2 shots)
    2.34

    18.
    GV Supersonic fighters in hangar
    2.37

    19.
    MV Jet transporter passing supersonic trainer (2 shots)
    3.00

    20.
    MV Japanese light warship being launched (4 shots)
    3.31


    TRANSCRIPT: "After 20 years of gradual build-up, Japan's military establishment has now assumed responsibility for defence of its own territory. Responsibility short of nuclear weapons. For years, American policy makers have complained that Japan is not rearming fast enough. But from defeat in 1945, Japan's military force will soon be ranked as one of the 7 or 8 best in the world. Most important, unlike some nations with larger armies equipped with U.S. arms, Japan today can build all of its own weapons. Because the constitution renounced war, the army is called a ground self-defence force. Total arms strength numbers about a quarter of a million men. Equipment is the most modern. The stress is on mobility and fire power. Japan's military strategy calls for remaining under the U.S. nuclear umbrella, but yielding sufficient conventional power to repel an aggressor or cope with internal uprising.



    Tanks, armoured personnel carriers and helicopters are now all made in Japan. The infantry has a new rifle, and a new machine gun, both Japanese designed. Japan's arms industry has developed a wire controlled anti-tank missile. With the cutback of U.S. strength, the Japanese have taken over full responsibility for their airforce. The aviation companies who built the famous Zero fighters are back in business, already abreast of modern technology. Last fall, a new Japanese jet transport was unveiled. This 21 transport will place the outmoded C-46 propeller 'plane received from the United States after the war. (indistinct)... airmen learn the basics in supersonic advanced trainers designed and built in Japan. Over the next few years, the greatest expansion will come in Japan's navy, once one of the biggest fleets in the world. Japanese shipyards, now turning out as many merchant vessels as the rest of the world combined, also work for the Japanese navy. By 1976, it will have 200 vessels totalling a quarter of a million tons"




    Initials ES.1620 ES.1655



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: After 20 years of gradual build-up, Japan has now assumed responsibility for the defence of its own territory. But within the next two years, Japan's role in Asia will also be increasing.

    The return to Japan of Okinawa next year will push the Japanese defence frontier a thousand miles out from the home islands. United States military planners have taken it for granted that the Japanese will assume the responsibility for these seas and the air space.

    So far, the Japanese have expressed no desire to develop nuclear weapons. They are veterans of two nuclear bombs and know the consequences of nuclear attack. The Japanese industrialists look more towards nuclear power. Japan's first nuclear reactors were imported, but now they build their own. The Japanese Government has vowed never to develop or possess nuclear weapons, but should the political position change, they have the scientists with sufficient technical skill to build an atomic bomb in a matter of weeks.

    As the war in Vietnam slackens and the United States lowers its military and political profile in Asia, Japan's role will have to increase rapidly. The Japanese are already the leading economic power in Asia and during the next decade, their military strength will grow in proportion.

    This film, supplied by the National Broadcasting Company of America, is supplied with a commentary in English which may be used if desired.

    SYNOPSIS: After twenty years of military build-up, Japan's military establishment has now assumed full responsibility for the defence of its own territory. Their defence frontier expands another thousand miles next year when Okinawa is returned to them, and the United States has accepted that Japan will defend the sea??? an air space from the home islands. For years, American policy makers complained that Japan was not rearming fast enough. But from a complete defeat in 1945, Japan's military force will soon be ranked as one of the seven or eight best in the world. Most important unlike some nations equipped with American arms, Japan today can build all of its own weapons.

    Because the Japanese constitution renounces war, the army is called the Ground Defence Force. Total arms strength numbers about a quarter of a million men. The stress in the Japanese forces is on mobility and fire power, and the equipment is extremely modern.

    Japan's military strategy calls for remaining under the United States nuclear umbrella, while yielding enough conventional power to repel an aggressor or cope with an internal uprising. All tanks, armoured personnel carriers and helicopters are now made in Japan.

    The army has completely new styles of rifles and machine guns -- both are Japanese designed. The Japanese Government has sworn against possession or production of nuclear weapons and the industrialists now look towards nuclear power. Japan's first reactors were imported. Now they built their own. Should the political position on nuclear weapons change however, Japan has the scientists with the technical skills to develop a bomb in a matter of weeks.

    Japan's arms industry has also developed a new missile, controlled by radio and designed to be an effective anti-tank weapon.

    With the cutback in United States strength, the Japanese have taken over full responsibility for their air force The aviation companies that built the famous Zero fighters of World War Two are now back in business, and abreast of modern technology. Last year, a new Japanese jet transport was unveiled. This will replace the outmoded C-46 propeller aircraft which was received from the United States after the war. Japanese airmen learn the basics in supersonic advanced trainers designed and built in Japan.

    Over the nest few years, the greatest expansion will come in Japan's navy, once one of the three biggest fleets in the world. Japanese shipyards, now turning out as many merchant vessels as the rest of the world combined also build for the Japanese navy. It is estimated that by 1976, it will have 200 vessels totalling a quarter of a million tons. As the Vietnam war winds down, and the united States lower its military and political profile in Asia, Japan's role will increase. The Japanese are already the leading power in Asia, and during the next decade their military strength will grow in proportion.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA4CSO0N8WJFO5JJYRWJUO1Z3D
    Media URN:
    VLVA4CSO0N8WJFO5JJYRWJUO1Z3D
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/08/1971
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:32:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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