The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, UNICEF, marks its 25th anniversary on Saturday (December 11th).
BLACK & WHITE
SEQUENCES: 1 - 5
SV & CU UNICEF worker ladling food (3 shots)
SV & CU Children eating (2 shots)
SV Children being issued with milk
GV UNICEF supplies loaded on ships (8 shots)
SV & CU Children receiving food (7 shots)
REMAINDER IN COLOUR
SV UNICEF supplies being unloaded in 1971 (2 shots)
GV & SV Poverty in Asiatic town - dirty stream, dead animal etc. (6 shots)
GV & SV Children receiving medical attention (9 shots)
SV & CU Children queue and receive injections (4 shots)
SV PAN..Children waving to camera
Initials ES. 1531 ES. 1557
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Background: The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, UNICEF, marks its 25th anniversary on Saturday (December 11th).
It was founded by the United Nations General Assembly in 1946 as a temporary organisation to provide emergency aid to children in countries devastated by the Second World War.
In 1971 UNICEF is still helping children in many parts of the world, such as Pakistan, Vietnam and parts of Africa.
UNICEF is largely dependent on public contributions for its survival.
SYNOPSIS: 1964 in Europe -- and emergency food supplies for Children in countries devastated by the Second World War. Such was the beginning of the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund -- UNICEF -- which on Saturday marks its 25th anniversary.
To supply essential food such as milk was the reason UNICEF was founded by the United Nations General Assembly. But it was intended to be a temporary body. Early in its life, the organisation arranged massive relief shipments for children in many countries.
Although these young victims of war were the first to benefit from the work of UNICEF -- others were to follow. In the years after the war the organisation widened its activities to provide essential food for children in under-developed countries the world over. By 1950 there ware many who felt UNICEF had done so well, it had fulfilled its purpose and could be disbanded.
But not so -- and in 1971 the organisation is still providing food for children in many countries. The location is changed -- much of the work UNICEF this year has been in India, Pakistan and Vietnam -- but the work is the same. In recent years there's been added emphasis on the need to cure illness among children. Conditions such as these have led to widespread disease -- and its the underfed children that suffer most.
Thanks to the vaccination campaigns, millions of children have been saved from serious illness -- from leprosy, malaria and cholera. Despite the breadth of its activities, UNICEF still works with a comparatively small staff of about 700. And it depends for survival on contributions both from individuals and governments.
For the past decade UNICEF has achieved great flexibility by trying to work within the framework of national development programmes.
In this way it joins with national government in curing the sick, educating the ignorant -- and providing food for the hungry.