Leaders of southern Africa's six black Front Line states held a summit meeting in Lusaka on November 12 to discuss the stalemate in talks over independence for Namibia (South West Africa).
GV Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Robert Mugabe greeted by Zambia's President Kenneth Kaunda
SV Angolan President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos welcomed by President Kaunda
SV Mozambique's President Samora Machel greeted by Dr Kaunda
SV President Julius Nyerere descends from aircraft and shakes hands with Presidents Kaunda and Machel
SV INTERIOR PAN Mugabe, Machel, Nyerere, Kaunda and Dos Santos seated
CU Nyerere speaking (SOT)
TRANSCRIPT (SEQUENCE SIX):
NYERERE: "We reject totally the suggestion that the independence of Namibia should be linked in any way whatsoever with the presence or withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola. This is a position we have taken, always taken, because there is no logical link, and it is good to note that this position is taken now by the whole international community."
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Background: Leaders of southern Africa's six black Front Line states held a summit meeting in Lusaka on November 12 to discuss the stalemate in talks over independence for Namibia (South West Africa). All the Front Line heads of state were present apart from Quett Masire of Botswana. Sam Nujoma, President of the South West Africa People's organisation, SWAPO, attended as an observer. Progress to independence for Namibia has been delayed over insistence by Western countries and South Africa that there can be no free elections until an estimated 20,000 Cuban troops in neighbouring Angola are withdrawn. Reuters reported those attending the summit -- Prime Minister Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, President Samora Machel of Mozambique, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, host President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, Botswana's foreign Minister Archie Mugwe, and President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos of Angola -- were trying to reach a common stand on Namibia in time for a conference of Commonwealth leaders in New Delhi at the end of the month. President Nyerere rejected the idea that independence for Namibia was in any way linked to the presence of the Cubans in Angola. He said there was no logical link to support that view -- an opinion he said was shared by many other countries. Pretoria has ruled Namibia (South West Africa) since 1946 in defiance of numerous United Nations resolutions. For the past 17 years, SWAPO has been fighting an inconclusive guerrilla war with South African forces for control of the territory.