On January 6, 1944, the British and United States governments first made public their top secret project to develop the jet engine - perhaps the most revolutionary discovery in aviation history.
SV Sir Frank Whittle receives award
CU Sir Frank Whittle
SV & LV early RAF jet taxis and takes off (2 shots)
Ground to air modern, jet fighters in flight (2 shots)
GVs components of jet engine tested (7 shots)
SV New engine on test-bed
GV Power station (2 shots)
GV Electricity generator using jet turbines
SV Turbine propelled truck used in mining operations in New Mexico (3 shots)
GV PAN hovercraft leaves land onto lake (2 shots)
GV EXT. Hydrofoil craft across lake
SV INT Passengers seated
GV EXT Hydrofoil skims across lake
SV Gunboat patrolling (3 shots)
GV workshop floor
CU & SV tests carried out with high-temperature metal (2 shots)
GV British warship HMS Amazon
SV INTERIOR seamen at control panel
CU PAN Plympus turbine unit
CU Sign "Crownest Compressor Station" in Alberta
CU PAN from ground to GV plant
LV gas pipelines
SV Man chock instruments inside station
LC & SV DC-10 take off and in flight (2 shots)
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Background: On January 6, 1944, the British and United States governments first made public their top secret project to develop the jet engine - perhaps the most revolutionary discovery in aviation history.
Thirty years the invention of Sir Frank Whittle has found applications in several other fields besides aviation. Although early development was towards military ends, the jet engine soon became accepted as an alternative power unit in industry. The advantages of the new engine included better performance than the conventional units, ease of maintenance and its smaller size than, for example, a diesel engine of equivalent capacity.
In transport, jet turbine engines have been installed in land vehicles from heavy-duty trucks to Formula One racing cars. Turbines are now propelling amphibious craft either as major or ancillary power hover units. Speeds in excess of 60 knots (65 mph or 105 km/h) are now being achieved by patrol and hydrofoils powered by gas turbine motors.
British shipbuilders may have changed the face of Naval engineering when they installed Rolls Royce "Olympus" turbines in the frigate HMS Amazon. It is the first time such a unit has been used in a warship. The turbine is cleaner, more compact and far easier to maintain than the conventional steam and diesel power units. The "Olympus" is, in fact, the engine being used in the Anglo-French supersonic jet Concords. Its use in Concords has aroused a good deal of controversy, but it's maritime use is equally important, although it has not caused the same amount of critical attention.
The jet turbine has also found industrial applications. Turbines are in use in power stations, generating electricity and functioning as gas compressors, both as permanent and mobile units. One of the turbine's strongest points is its ability to accept a wide range of fuels - from butane to kerosene. Low noise and pollution levels together with high efficiency are cited as advantages of the jet over other types of engines.