• Short Summary

    On January 6, 1944, the British and United States governments first made public their top secret project to develop the jet engine - perhaps the most revolutionary discovery in aviation history.

  • Description

    On January 6, 1944, the British and United States governments first made public their top secret project to develop the jet engine - perhaps the most revolutionary discovery in aviation history.

    Thirty years the invention of Sir Frank Whittle has found applications in several other fields besides aviation. Although early development was towards military ends, the jet engine soon became accepted as an alternative power unit in industry. The advantages of the new engine included better performance than the conventional units, ease of maintenance and its smaller size than, for example, a diesel engine of equivalent capacity.

    In transport, jet turbine engines have been installed in land vehicles from heavy-duty trucks to Formula One racing cars. Turbines are now propelling amphibious craft either as major or ancillary power hover units. Speeds in excess of 60 knots (65 mph or 105 km/h) are now being achieved by patrol and hydrofoils powered by gas turbine motors.

    British shipbuilders may have changed the face of Naval engineering when they installed Rolls Royce "Olympus" turbines in the frigate HMS Amazon. It is the first time such a unit has been used in a warship. The turbine is cleaner, more compact and far easier to maintain than the conventional steam and diesel power units. The "Olympus" is, in fact, the engine being used in the Anglo-French supersonic jet Concords. Its use in Concords has aroused a good deal of controversy, but it's maritime use is equally important, although it has not caused the same amount of critical attention.

    The jet turbine has also found industrial applications. Turbines are in use in power stations, generating electricity and functioning as gas compressors, both as permanent and mobile units. One of the turbine's strongest points is its ability to accept a wide range of fuels - from butane to kerosene. Low noise and pollution levels together with high efficiency are cited as advantages of the jet over other types of engines.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA4541HE40469VMVLJMGSD5YVBB
    Media URN:
    VLVA4541HE40469VMVLJMGSD5YVBB
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1974
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:18:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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