Martin Luther King Jr. was the spirit of the Civil Rights Movement. The massive march?
Martin Luther King Jr. was the spirit of the Civil Rights Movement. The massive march he led on washington in 1963 demonstrated to millions of sceptical Americans that there was substance to that spirit.
The March on Washington grew out of hundreds of small demonstrations here in the South, where after the War between the States, emancipation came hard, and where later, discrimination against blacks was most conspicuous. The South is conspicuous again today because of changes which have occurred here as a result of the Civil Rights Movement.
Many of the early demonstrations focused on the right to eat at southern dime-store lunch counters.
Today by law , anyone may sit down. Blacks work not only in the kitchen...but out front, serving food...and handling money. Before the Movement, blacks were not trusted this way.
And you don't have to be more than 15 years old to remember the signs in the buses...the ones that said "coloured in back." The movement ended all that.
In many southern cities today blacks are the biggest bus users.
Here is a change that did much to a symbol of white control in the South desegregation of the Alabama state police.
This is the editorial board os the Atlanta Constitution, one of the most influential newspapers in the South. One the board......a black man.
Lee May grew up in the South...moved Northern with his parents...went to school there...then three years age returned to live in the South. He says blacks and whites get along better here:
What of the North? Half the blacks surveyed nationwide said they feel blacks are not better off in the North.
The survey, conducted by the Association Control Research and Analysis Company of Washington, also says that 23 percent of black say they're better of in the North. The rest had no opinion.
Racial bias in the Chicago Police department is one indication that here in the North, court orders and laws are we not always vigorously obeyed.
A Federal judge ruled 14 months ago that Chicago discriminated against blacks in hiring... and ordered the city to hire more blacks. Mayor Richard delay led the fight against the judge's order.
After a year's delay the city began hiring blacks...but still fever than the judge wanted.
Despite situations like that one, 4 out of 10 blacks surveyed by Associated Control Research said there is less discrimination today the 5 years ago. A quarter said there is more discrimination...a third said discrimination is the same.
And a study by the Urban League says that in the South, black and whites are getting along better. But the study also show that in other parts of the country black-white relationships are deteriorating. 42 percent of the Urban League offices in the nation say that in their communities, blacks and whites are six not getting along as we as they did a year ago. Some blacks feed they still face some major problems: one of the biggest...economic equality; better jobs and more money. Housing is also a problem.
And blacks perceive education to be most important in getting full equality:
Some of the basic changes that Dr, Martin Luther King marched for have made....but blacks say many of his dreams are still unfulfilled.
Mike Jackson, NBC News, Chicago.