The current Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity, President Gaafar Nimeri of Sudan Hosted vital talks in Khartoum, 30th November, on the future of the embattled Western Sahara.
The current Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity, President Gaafar Nimeri of Sudan Hosted vital talks in Khartoum, 30th November, on the future of the embattled Western Sahara. The Ad Hoc committee set up the OAU to mediate in the dispute includes Sudan, Tanzania, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast. The Polisario guerrillas who have been fighting both Morocco and Mauritania in the Western sahara were not represented at the talks.
SYNOPSIS: President Ahmed Sekou Tours of Guinea and President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria flew into Khartoum and were greeted at the airport by sudan's President Nimeri.
The war that the Presidents are trying to end has been raging since early 1976, when the phosphate rich Western Sahara was ceded by Spain to Morocco and Mauritania.
Algeria never accepted the partition and reportedly armed the indigenous people of the area, the Polisario to fight for independence.
The one hundred thousand square miles of desert in dispute contains what are thought to be the world's largest phosphate deposits estimated at one point seven billion tonnes...and valuable coastal fishing waters.
The Polisario Front fought a guerrilla war against both Morocco and Mauritania until July. Then the elevation of Colonel Moustapha Mohamed Ould Salek to power in Mauritanian Head of State said in Paris in November that the OAU meeting in Khartoum was the best place for the settlement of the Western Sahara dispute. But Morocco says it cannot relinquish one inch of the Western Sahara.