Fulbert Youlou, a former Roman Catholic priest who became the first President of Congo-Brazzaville -- now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo -- when it became independent from France, died in exile in Madrid on Saturday (6 May), it was reported.
CU Sign Brazzaville
SV Troops patrol
LV Demonstrators on palace railings
SV Demonstrator uses loud hailer
SCU Demonstrators (3 shots)
SCU Youlou speaking (3 shots)
CU Youlou speaking
SV Youlou leaves room (2 shots)
LV Luggage is carried outside
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Background: Fulbert Youlou, a former Roman Catholic priest who became the first President of Congo-Brazzaville -- now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo -- when it became independent from France, died in exile in Madrid on Saturday (6 May), it was reported. This library film shows Youlou preparing to leave his official Brazzaville residence after a coup in August, 1963 in which he was ousted.
Youlou was "suspended" as a priest in 1956, three years before he was elected President, but continued to use the title of Abbe and still wore clerical garb.
As President, the parties Youlou gave for friends and guests were famous, and he's been described as one of the most colourful men in African politics.
He's also been considered probably the most Francophile of all African heads of state. But in the 1963 coup, he was replaced by Colonel Alphonse Massemba-Debat.
In the wake of the coup, Youlou fled across the Congo River to Kinshasa where his old friend Moise Tshombe gave him asylum. But when Tshombe fell, Youlou tried unsuccessfully to seek refuge in France. He went to Spain, where the Spanish Government formally granted him exile in 1966. And the 55-year-old Youlou spent most of his exile living in the Spanish capital.