The latest weather satellite - known as the Nimbus E - launched by the United States has for the first time the capacity to see through clouds ...
The latest weather satellite - known as the Nimbus E - launched by the United States has for the first time the capacity to see through clouds ... an objective for which meteorologist have been striving since the science of satellite weather-observation began in 1960.
The satellite was launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on Sunday (10 December) from the Western Test Range in California. NASA technicians at the Range reported next day the Nimbus-E had gone into orbit as planned and two of the six experiments on board had been switched on.
The satellite is expected to become fully operational within two weeks.
Nimbus-E's equipment can make two complete maps of the atmosphere, oceans and ground by mens of radiometer devices every 24 hours - piercing through even the thickest clouds of the polar ice-caps.
SYNOPSIS: At the Western Test Range in California on Sunday, technicians make a last-minute check on the U.S. Space Administration NASA's latest satellite. It's the weather satellite Nimbus-E, equipped for the first time with device able to penetrate the Earth's cloud-cover.
After final checks, the satellite is installed in its Delta launch-vehicle. The service-tower moves away and all is ready for lift-off. The two-state Delta will take Nimbus-E high above the cloud-layer, assisted at take-off by nine booster rockets.
Nestling in the rocket's head, the Nimbus-E carries six devices. Using these in combination, the satellite can, every twenty-four hours, make two complete electronic maps of the Earth. The powerful cameras use radiation instead of light-waves to take pictures, and can see through even the thickest clouds.
In the firing-room, NASA controller Wilbur Huston gives the final countdown, and the Nimbus-E -NASA's eighty-sixth successful satellite launch - begins its mission.