Nearly seven years of military rule ended in Argentina on Friday (May 25) when Dr.?
GVs & SVs Campora arrives in open car through crowds to the National Congress (6 shots)
GROUND TO AIR Helicopter arriving at Govt. House (2 shots)
GV INT Campora and other dignitaries
MV Campora presented with cash and congratulated and Lanusse presents ceremonial rod.
SCU TILT DOWN Lanusse signs book of office and Campora signs (2 shots)
MV & GV Crowds outside with banners and placards cheering (2 shots)
GV Campora and other dignitaries on balcony as crowds wave and cheer (2 shots)
GVs Riot starts (EARLY EVENING) (2 shots)
GV Demonstrators throwing missiles
GVs Riot police chase demonstrators (2 shots)
GV Riot police fire teargas
STV Crowds shelter between cars
GV Demonstrators chanting
GV's & MV's crowds watch burning cars (4 shots)
MV & GV Firemen hosing burning cars (2 shots)
GROUND TO AIR SHOT Helicopter overhead
GV's & GV PAN Demonstrators milling and then departing (3 shots)
Initials BB/0024 TH/DW/BB/0104
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Background: Nearly seven years of military rule ended in Argentina on Friday (May 25) when Dr. Hector Compare was inaugurated as President. Peronist supporters swamped the streets of Buenos Aires making it impossible for Dr. Compare to drive to Government House to receive the sash of office -- instead he had to fly there by helicopter from the Congress Building, where he had been sworn in.
Outgoing soldier-President Alejandro Lanusse and other members of the military junta were at Government House for the hand-over of power to the new civil authority.
But the excitement of the occasion often exploded into violence. Extreme left-wing youths reportedly taunted police and soldiers. Police used teargas to disperse one group of demonstrators, and fourteen people were reported wounded when police opened fire against a stone-throwing mob.
Near Government House, several police cars were set on fire. A United States hotel and diplomatic cars were also stoned.
SYNOPSIS: After nearly seven years of military rule, the Peroniste returned to power in Argentina on Friday. Dr. Hector Campora, once a small-down dentist, arrived at Congress House, Buenos Aires, to be sworn in as President and head of the new civilian government. Enormous crowds were out in the city to salute an important day in Argentina's political history.
A helicopter flew Dr. Campora to Government House for the second stage of the ceremonies -- crowds had prevented the planned ceremonial drive.
Visiting Chilean President Salvador Allende watched as Dr. Campora received the sash of office and ceremonial rod from his predecessor -- the man who headed the military government, outgoing President Alejandro Lanusse. Other members of the military junta, and several other Latin-American heads of state were present for the ceremony.
Dr. Campora won the Argentine Presidency as a result of his unswerving loyalty to the country's former strong man, Juan Peron, who hand picked him to be candidate. He was chosen after Senor Peron was barred from standing as President. With the full backing of the hugely powerful Peronist movement, Dr. Campora beat eight other candidates in the March election.
Peronist supporters converged on Government House to catch a glimpse of the new President. One of the first acts of the civilian government was to order the immediate release of all political prisoners.
The excitement of the occasion at times erupted into violence. First reports of trouble said that extreme left-wing demonstrators had taunted police and troops.
Police used teargas to disperse the demonstrators. Later, there were reports of police opening fire against a stone-throwing mob, wounding as many as fourteen people.
Outside Government House, several police cars were set on fire. So Argentina's return to civilian rule was marred by violence. Meantime, Dr. Campora in a two-hour speech to Congress attacked the outgoing government as a dictatorship and praised Argentina's youth for "fighting violence with violence" -- a reference to the Peronist and other urban guerrilla groups.