The United Nations General Assembly decided on Wednesday (22 October) to convene an international conference early next year.
SV Singapore permanent representative to the UN Tommy Koh speaking in English.
SV Vietnam permanent representative to UN Ha Van Lau speaking in French.
GV Voting board SV President of General Assembly, Rudiger von Wechmar announces results in English. (2 SHOTS)
KOH:"The purpose of the conference is to find a comprehensive political settlement to the Kampuchean problem. A comprehensive political settlement must include the following seven elements. First, the Vietnamese troops in Kampuchea must be totally withdrawn within a specified time frame, and the withdrawal must be verified by the United Nations. Second, during the process of the withdrawal of the Vietnamese troops from Kampuchea measures must be undertaken by the United Nations in order to maintain law and order in order to ensure the observance of human rights and in order to prevent Kampuchean armed elements from seizing power. Third, the United Nations will undertake measures in order to ensure that no outside powers interfere in the national internal affairs of Kampuchea. Fourth, free elections in Kampuchea will be held under the supervision of the United Nations. Fifth, the conference will agree to prohibit the introduction of any foreign forces in Kampuchea.
Sixth, the conference will negotiate and agree on guarantees to respect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Kampuchea. Seven and finally, the conference will conclude guarantees to ensure that Kampuchea will not be a threat to any of its neighbours."
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Background: The United Nations General Assembly decided on Wednesday (22 October) to convene an international conference early next year. It will aim to secure the total withdrawal of foreign troops from Kampuchea and the holding of U.N. - supervised elections. The vote on the resolution was spearheaded by the five-member Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Pending a political settlement in Kampuchea the Assembly who called for a U.N. observer team to be stationed on the Thai side of the border to ensure that only civilian Kampuchean's obtain international aid. During the debate Singapore's Ambassador, Tommy Koh, spelt out the aims of next year's conference.
SYNOPSIS: Vietnam's permanent representative to the UN, Ha Van Lau rejected the call for a peace conference. He claimed the proposals were aimed at denying Vietnam and its Indo-Chinese neighbours the right to defend themselves against Chinese aggression. And he made it clear the Vietnamese government would not attend the conference.
Wednesday's vote was the second victory for the ASEAN group on the Kampuchean issue in less than ten days. Two weeks ago (13 October) the Assembly rejected a bid by Vietnam, the Soviet Union and their allies to reject the credentials of Kampuchea's Khmer Rouge UN delegation. On that occasion many delegates expressed revulsion at the human rights violations at the ousted Pol Pot government. But they said any move towards recognising the Heng Samrin authorities would be to reward aggression and accept a regime installed by a foreign army.
The motion on the conference resolution was passed by a clear majority -- ninety seven in favour, twenty three against. There were a further twenty two abstentions.