The traditional workers' holiday - May Day - this year has been marked by rallies in many of he world's capitals - especially in socialist countries where May 1 is becoming an increasingly important occasion.
GV & SV Workers march past in parade in Revolution Square, Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. (3 SHOTS)
GV More workers march past
SCU President Mengistu Haile-Mariam (in centre).
TOP GV Troops march past. (2 SHOTS)
GV People waving red paper flowers in Albanian capital, Tirana.
SCU Enver Hoxha, leader of the Albania Communist Party, waving to the parade.
GV & SV Men and women soldiers march past. (2 SHOTS)
CU Children applauding.
GV Men holding portrait of Hoxha and red flags in the parade.
GV Women holding paper flowers and men holding red letters.
GV Albanian party leaders applauding from the platform.
SV PAN Men and women in traditional costume dancing in street in circle.
GV Children holding balloons and papers flowers letting balloons fly into the air.
GV Lines of soldiers with weapons marching down street in Istanbul, Turkey with weapons and security forces in guard post. (2 SHOTS)
GV & SV PAN Parade of people waving placards in the air during parade, men sitting on roadside with signs clapping.
SV Troops standing guard on balcony.
TOP GV Crowds mass in streets holding placards. (2 SHOTS)
GV Column of demonstrators with hands raised in salute.
GV PAN Demonstrators with flags and portrait of President, Saddam Hussein, march in the rally in Baghdad, Iraq.
SV Children stand on float with cardboard guns.
SV Women holding flags and coloured paper walking in street.
SV Horseman with swords drawn in parade.
GV People with banners and flags in Algiers, Algeria. (2 SHOTS)
SV Workers in the parade.
GV People in the parade some carrying banners and chanting. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: The traditional workers' holiday - May Day - this year has been marked by rallies in many of he world's capitals - especially in socialist countries where May 1 is becoming an increasingly important occasion.
SYNOPSIS: May Day in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, was marked with a parade through the city and the announcement of a new Government campaign, designed to wipe out illiteracy in rural areas within seven years. Workers from the city and surrounding districts marched through the capital's "Revolutionary Square" in a six hour parade. It is the sixth since the revolution which brought the present administration of President Mengistu Haile-Mariam to power.
The Ethiopian leader called on the nation to make an effort to spread literacy, by backing the Government campaign which is expected to reach about a million Ethiopians. Ethiopian soldiers fighting guerrillas in the Northwest province of Tigre also took part.
In the Albanian capital, Tirana, the May Day march salute was taken by Communist party leader, Enver Hoxha.
The rally was a combined effort by soldiers from the voluntary People's Defence forces and thousands of workers from the capital -- dressed in multi-coloured costumes, waving red flags and carrying portraits of the Party leader.
Slogans praising the Government and strength of party-people unity were paraded past official delegations of party members and trade unionists.
Dancing and singing in the streets are a traditional part of the celebration.
Many of the boulevards were transformed into a sea of red flags, paper flowers and balloons.
But in Turkey, armed security guards patrolled the streets of the capital, Istanbul. Five youths were killed when the security forces tried to stop left-wing groups hoisting banners and posters calling for an international labour day. May 1 is traditional Spring Day in Turkey -- but the left-wing groups, including Parliamentarians, have been campaigning to have it recognised as Labour Day.
The city's martial law command ordered the detention of Trade Union Confederation leaders for allegedly spurring workers to stop work for several hours in protest against a Government ban on May Day rallies.
In the Iraq capital, Baghdad, thousands of May Day marchers carried flags and portraits of Iraqi President, Saddam Hussein.
On one float, young boys dressed in military uniforms stood guard with mock automatic weapons. The previous day the Government announced, it would hold the first general elections for twenty years on June 20. Iraq has had no Parliament since July, 1958, when the Monarchy was overthrown.
Here, too, traditional uniforms were part of the occasion.
Workers in the Algerian capital, Algiers, marched through the city to the May Day Square where a mass rally had been organised by the ruling National Liberation Front and the General Workers Union.
Workers from all occupations joined in the march, chanting and waving flags. The general secretary of the General Workers Union later called on them to increase production in the coming year.