Nationalist leaders from East and Central Africa began a "summit" conference in Nairobi, Kenya, Jan 11th, to discuss the possibility of forming a federation.
Nationalist leaders from East and Central Africa began a "summit" conference in Nairobi, Kenya, Jan 11th, to discuss the possibility of forming a federation. Crowds gathered outside the offices of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) - one of Kenya's two big nationalist groups - waiting to see the leaders leaving the morning session.
Across the road, there were more crowds outside the offices of the rival group, the Kenya African Democratic Union, which has complained that it is not being informed of progress at the "summit".
Prominent among leaders attending the conference was Mr. Nyerere, Chief Minister in Tanganyika. He entered the conference accompanied by Dr. Kiano, Minister of Commerce and Industry in Kenya.
Also present were Mr. Odinga, Vice-President of KANU; Mr. Kiwanuka (Uganda), Mr. Kaunda (Northern Rhodesia), Mr. Nkomo (Southern Rhodesia), & Mr. Khamis (Zanzibar). Mr. Mboya of Kenya was Chairman of the conference. A representative from Nyasaland was expected later.
The nationalist leaders are all members of the Pan-African Freedom Movement for East and Central Africa (PAFMECA). Before the conference Mr. Nyerere said federation between the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, and the neighbouring area of British East Africa, was still only an idea ... it was not yet clear whether Africans wanted such a federation.