North and South Yemen signed an agreement on the night of 28 October, which will result in an immediate ending to hostilities between them - and ultimate unity.
North and South Yemen signed an agreement on the night of 28 October, which will result in an immediate ending to hostilities between them - and ultimate unity. A summit meeting will be held on 25 November between the present heads of state.
The President of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen - the South - is Salem Rubayyi, while the North - the Yemen Arab Republic - has a three-man presidential council.
The unity agreement "in the name of the one Yemeni people" was signed by Prime Ministers Mohsen Al-Aini of the North, and Ali Nasser Mohammed of the South.
The two countries will withdraw troops from their frontier area and the zones they have occupied since fighting flared up in September. The frontiers will be reopened, and within a month refugees will be repatriated, guerrilla training camps shut and subversive activity banned.
The unity agreement was worked out by a special committee under the suspicious of the Arab League, which had previously negotiated a cease-fire between the two Yemens. Sixteen military observers will travel to Aden on Tuesday (31 October) to supervise the implementation of the pact. Eight are from Kuwait, Egypt, Syria and Algeria provided representatives on the conciliation committee, and personal envoys of Egypt's President Anwar Sadat and Iraq's President Ahmed Hassan Al-Bakr took part in the final talks. Mr Selim Al-Yafi, assistant secretary-general of the League and head of the conciliation committee, told the two Yemens they were offering the Arabs a big present and they should stick to the agreement.