President Suharto of Indonesia said in the capital, Djakarta, on Thursday (24 April), that the Bandung spirit would never die.
President Suharto of Indonesia said in the capital, Djakarta, on Thursday (24 April), that the Bandung spirit would never die. He was speaking at celebrations to mark the 20th anniversary of the Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia.
In a six-page speech, he said that although the original conference--aimed at achieving solidarity among Afro-Asian nations in the face of the Wester Block -- had not seen its ideals lived up to, this was the fault of Government in the Third World. It did not mean that the spirit of Dandung was dead, he said, and called for renewed efforts to put into practice the original concepts of peace, solidarity and strength.
Indonesian Foreign Minster Adam Malik also called for the original ten principles to be upheld, and said that -- although they had not been widely applied--they were still a good basis for relations among countries.
The so-called "Bandung Conference" was held from April 18-24 in 1955. It was organised on the initiative of Indonesia supported by Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan, and was attended by 29 nations.
The Conference reflected the five sponsors' dissatisfaction with what they regarded as a reluctance of the western powers to consult with them sufficiently on decisions affecting Asia. They also wanted to lay firmer foundations for good relations between China and the western world and themselves and to continue their opposition to colonialism..especially the French presence in North Africa.
At the end of the Conference a ten-point "Declaration on the promotion of World Peace and Co-operation", incorporating the principles of the United Nations' Charter and the Indian "Panch Shila" -- Jawaharlal Nehru's famous five peace principles--was unanimously adopted.
During the following decade, as decolonisation progressed and friction grew among the Conference's members, the concept of Afro-Asian solidarity became less and less meaningful.
In 1965 the second Afro-Asian Conference, to have been held in Algiers, Algeria, was indefinitely postponed, and has since never been held.