• Short Summary

    SMETHWICK, A PART OF BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, NOT U.S.A. BUT WITH ITS RACE ISSUE TOO. IT?

  • Description

    1.
    MV SMETHWICK RETURNING OFFICER ON BALCONY, READS ELECTORIAL RESULT. SOF STARTS "I, THE UNDERSIGNED..ENDS "..........16,690" (CHEERS)
    0.45

    2.
    CONTINUATION ABOVE SHOT WITH "CONSERVATIVE GAIN" TITLE SUPERIMPOSED.
    0.51

    3.
    CU GORDON WALKER. QUESTION: "IS IT POSSIBLE SIR".....SOF ENDS ".....TO CONTROL IMMIGRATION".
    1.38

    4.
    MV BBC INTERVIEWER WITH LORD BOOTHBY (SOF) ".....NOW HAVE EITHER OF YOU ANY COMMENT TO MAKE ABOUT THAT? LORD BOOTHBY?"
    1.42

    5.
    CU LORD BOOTHBY. SOF "I THINK IT'S THE MOST DISGUSTING.....ENDS.".....WORST AMERICAN TRADITION".
    1.58

    6.
    GV SHOPPING STREET, SMETHWICK.
    2.02

    7.
    MV COLOURED MAN AND WIFE MOVE ALONG
    2.08

    8.
    CU MAN IN STREET SOF ".....MR. PATRICK GORDON WALKER.....ENDS.....DARKIES COME INTO THE COUNTRY".
    2.19

    9.
    CU WOMAN IN STREET SOF "WHY DO YOU THINK?" ENDS "..........EVER GOD MADE".
    2.40

    10.
    CU COLOURED MAN. SOF "I THINK HE WAS DEFEATED..." ENDS.....BASIS OF SKIN".
    3.12

    11.
    CU WOMAN. SOF "DO YOU THINK?....." ENDS..........WHO LIVED HERE".
    3.26

    12.
    CU MAN. SOF "IN MY OWN AREA....." ENDS.....THANK YOU VERY MUCH INDEED".
    4.25

    13.
    CU INTERVIEWER: SOF "AS A CONSERVATIVE PARTY..." ENDS..........REACTION TO THIS?".
    4.30

    14.
    CU CONSERVATIVE AGENT. SOF "I THINK THAT PETER GRIFFITH HAS NEVER....." ENDS..........TO DO WITH THEIR RACE".
    4.59

    15.
    GV & MV INT. MR. PATRICK GORDON WALKER WITH U.S. AMBASSADOR IN LONDON - POSE AND SHAKE HANDS.
    5.09

    16.
    GV EXT. ETON COLLEGE (TWO SHOTS)
    5.16

    17.
    LV FACTORIES AT SLOUGH (FOUR SHOTS)
    5.27

    18.
    GV COLOURED PEOPLE (AFRICAN AND INDIAN) ALONG SHOPPING STREET (FIVE SHOTS)
    5.43

    19.
    MV EXT CONSERVATIVE CANDIDATE CAMPAIGNS
    5.46

    20.
    CU CONSERVATIVE CANDIDATE
    5.51

    21.
    MV ANOTHER ANGLE - CONSERVATIVE CANDIDATE
    5.54

    22.
    MV EXT FENNER BROCKWAY MAKING PRE-ELECTION ADDRESS
    5.57

    23.
    MV REAR ANGLE ABOVE
    6.01

    24.
    LV MR. BROCKWAY.
    6.05


    QUESTION: WHY DO YOU THINK HE LOST IT AT THIS ELECTION?



    ANSWER: OWING TO THIS COLOUR BAR HERE IN SMETHWICK. I COME FROM OXFORD WHERE HE CAME, DEFINITELY CAME FROM. I'VE KNOWN HIM SINCE I WAS 14 YEARS OLD. I'VE ONLY LIVED HEAR TWENTY YEARS BUT I DEFINITELY SAY IT'S THROUGH THIS COLOUR, RACIAL I'VE GOT TWO LIVING BY ME AND THEY'RE THE CLEANEST AND THE FINEST PEOPLE THAT EVER GOD MADE.



    ANOTHER ANSWER: WELL I THINK HE WAS DEFEATED BECAUSE THE OTHER PARTY DO NOT GIVE HIM A FAIR BREAK. THEY STARTED THE IMMIGRATION WHICH I THINK WAS VERY UNFAIR BECAUSE TO ME IN MY COUNTRY, SKIN DOESN'T MEAN ANYTHING. HUMANITY COUNTS MOST AND I THOUGHT IN ENGLAND IT WOULD BE JUST THE SAME. I WAS VERY MUCH SURPRISED IN THE WAY IN WHICH THE ELECTION HAS BEEN RUN IN SMETHWICK ON THE BASIS OF OUR SKIN.



    QUESTION: WHY DO YOU THINK HE LOST IT THIS TIME?



    ANSWER: BECAUSE I THINK THEY WERE ALL OVER-CONFIDENT IN HIM AND THEN THEY DON'T WANT TO VOTE FOR GORDON WALKER. AND THEY ALSO WANTED SOMEBODY WHO KNEW THE PROBLEMS OF THE TOWN WHO LIVE THERE. IN MY OWN AREA, I HAVE TWO PARTICULAR PLACES IN MIND WHERE THERE ARE AT LEAST THIRTEEN PEOPLE LIVING. INDIANS. THE MAN IS GETTING GBP27 A WEEK AS A WORKER AND HE DOES WORK. BUT FROM THAT GBP27 AND TAKING 25 SHILLINGS A WEEK FROM HIS LODGERS, HE WAS UNABLE TO PROVIDE SHEET AND BLANKETS AND ANYTHING AT ALL, AND MY WIFE DELIVERED HIS CHILD ON THE FLOOR, A DIRTY FILTHY FLOOR. THE MAN COULDN'T PROVIDE OUT OF ALL THAT MONEY HE AS GETTING, SHEETS BLANKETS ANYTHING FOR THE CHILD. WE HAD TO PROVIDE THEM FROM MY HOME. AND THAT'S THE SOCIALOGICAL DIFFICULTY WE ARE UP AGAINST AT THE MOMENT. CANDIDLY, I THINK THAT WE SHOULD HAVE EDUCATED THEM A DARNED SIGHT MORE. AND AS FAR AS THEIR COLOUR BAR IS CONCERNED I THINK THAT A SMEAR CAMPAIGN IS ON IN SMETHWICK, WE'RE NOT COLOUR CONSCIOUS. IT'S JUST THE PARTICULAR WAY THAT THEY'RE LIVING AND CANDIDLY THEY'RE NOT LIVING, THEY'RE JUST EXISTING.



    INTERVIEWER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH INDEED.



    QUESTION: AS A CONSERVATIVE PARTY AGENT IN THIS CONSTITUENCY WHAT IS YOUR REACTION TO THIS?



    ANSWER: I THINK THAT PETER GRIFFITHS HAS NEVER MADE ANY SPECIFIC CHARGES AT ALL AGAINST THE RACIAL MATTERS OF AGAINST COLOURED PEOPLE. WE ALWAYS REFER TO IMMIGRANT AS OUR PEOPLE FROM ABROAD AND WE ARE CONCERN WITH THEIR CONDUCT IN THIS COUNTRY NOT WITH WHERE THEY COME FROM OR ANYTHING TO DO WITH THEIR RACE.



    SOF I THE UNDERSIGNED BEING THE RETURNING OFFICER FOR THE CONSTITUENCY ABOVE MENTIONED, HEREBY GIVE NOTICE THAT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF VOTES GIVEN FOR EACH CANDIDATE AT THE ELECTION WAS AS FOLLOWS: NAMELY, DAVIS DUDLEY TREVOR (INDEPENDENT) 262. GORDON WALKER PATRICK CHRISTIAN (LABOUR) 14,916. GRIFFITHS PETER HARRY STEVE, (CONSERVATIVE) 16,690. (CHEERS, APPLAUSE).



    QUESTION: IS IT POSSIBLE SIR THAT YOU AND THE REST OF THE LABOUR PARTY RATHER UNDERESTIMATED THE IMPORTANT EMOTIONAL EFFECT OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT?



    ANSWER: NO, NO, BECAUSE THERE'S A RACIAL PROBLEM IN MANY OTHER CONSTITUENCIES. IT ONLY MADE A DIFFERENCE HERE IN SMETHWICK.



    QUESTION: BUT IT HASN'T BEEN TO THE SAME EXTENT IN OTHER CONSTITUENCIES?



    ANSWER: YES, THERE ARE MORE IMMIGRANT IN OTHER CONSTITUENCIES THAN THERE ARE IN SMETHWICK. THERE ARE MORE IN ALL SAINTS.



    QUESTION: NOW YOU WERE BRANDED AS THE MAN WHO LEAD THE SOCIALIST OPPOSITION TO THE, WELL IT WAS THE IMMIGRATION BILL.



    ANSWER: WELL I DIDN'T LEAD IT HUGH GAITSKELL LED IT, BUT I FOLLOWED IT. I WAS THE SECOND SPOKESMAN FOR IT.



    QUESTION: HAVE YOU HAD OCCASION TO CHANGE YOUR VIEWS ON IT ALL.?



    ANSWER: NO, NO, I THEN THOUGHT THERE OUGHT TO BE CONTROLS OVER IMMIGRATION, I WAS FIGHTING A PARTICULAR WAY OF CONTROLLING IMMIGRATION. THAT WAS WHAT THE ARGUMENT WAS ABOUT I THEN SAID AND THOUGHT AND STILL THINK THAT IT IS RIGHT TO CONTROL IMMIGRATION.



    QUESTION: MR. PATRICK GORDON WALKER HAS HELD HIS SEAT FOR THE SOCIALISTS SINCE 1945. WHY DO YOU THINK HE LOST IT IN THIS ELECTION?



    ANSWER: OH JUST BECAUSE THEY LET SO MANY DARKIES COME INTO THE COUNTRY.




    Initials JRG/V&B/JF-CR/JM



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: SMETHWICK, A PART OF BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, NOT U.S.A. BUT WITH ITS RACE ISSUE TOO. IT STEMS FROM THE HEAVY IMMIGRATION BY WEST INDIANS, PAKISTANIS AND SIKHS FROM INDIA AND WHOLE NEIGHBOURHOODS HAVE BECOME SLUMS.

    BRITAIN'S LABOUR PARTY ORIGINALLY OPPOSED THE CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED CURBS ON COMMONWEALTH IMMIGRATION, THOUGH IT HA SINCE CHANGED ITS STAND. THIS AND BECAUSE THE LABOUR PARTY BLAMES THE SLUM CONDITIONS ON LANDLORDS RATHER THEN ON THE IMMIGRANTS, A LOCAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN SLOGAN AROSE: "IF YOU WANT A NIGGER NEIGHBOUR, VOTE LABOUR".

    THAT WAS ENOUGH TO UNSEAT PATRICK GORDON WALKER, WHO HAD HELD THE SEAT FOR 19 YEARS AND WAS LABOUR'S SHADOW FOREIGN SECRETARY. THOUGH THE CONSERVATIVE WON HIS SEAT, MR. WILSON, THE NEW PRIME MINISTER IMMEDIATELY ENTRUSTED HIS UNSEATED COLLEAGUE WITH THE FOREIGN SECRETARYSHIP OF THE NATION.

    HAVING A MINISTER OUTSIDE PARLIAMENT IS CONSTITUTIONALLY POSSIBLE FOR A SHORT PERIOD, AND MR. GORDON WALKER WILL BE CAMPAIGNING AGAIN THIS TIME IN A BY-ELECTION ??? IN A LABOUR STRONGHOLD AND WILL THEREBY RETURN TO THE COMMONS.

    HE THEN ASKED A CONSERVATIVE PARTY OFFICIAL AT SMETHWICK WHETHER THE CONSERVATIVE VICTOR, MR. PETER GRIFFITHS, HAD MADE CAPITAL OUT OF THE COLOURED PROBLEM IN HIS ELECTION CAMPAIGN. SOF
    AS WELL AS DEFEAT AT SMETHWICK, LABOUR SAW ITS LONG-STANDING CHAMPION OF COLOURED PEOPLE'S RIGHTS UNSEATED AT ETON AND SLOUGH. HE'S MR. FENNER BROCKWAY, A VETERAN POLITICIAN, WHO ENTERED PARLIAMENT 35 YEARS AGO AND REPRESENTED THIS AREA SINCE 1950. ETON AND SLOUGH HAS BEEN HELD BY LABOUR FOR NEARLY 20 YEARS. THIS TIME, 11 VOTES DEFEAT.

    THIS AREA IS ONE OF CONTRAST - OLD WORLD ETON WITH A COLLEGE THAT HAS PRODUCED 18 PRIME MINISTERS. AND ABOUT A THIRD OF THE OUTGOING CONSERVATIVE CABINET WERE OLD ETONIANS. ONLY 5,000 PEOPLE LIVE THERE.

    AS NEW FOREIGN SECRETARY HE WILL BE MAKING HIS FIRST TRIP ABROAD ON SUNDAY WHEN HE FLIES TO WASHINGTON. THERE, HE WILL HAVE TALKS FOR TWO DAYS WITH MR. DEAN RUSK, THE AMERICAN SECRETARY OF STATE, AND WITH PRESIDENT JOHNSON.

    FILM OPENS WITH MR. GORDON WALKER'S DEFEAT ANNOUNCED AT SMETHWICK ON OCTOBER 15TH, POLLING DAY IN THE GENERAL ELECTION.

    LABOUR'S DEFEAT AT SMETHWICK GAVE RISE TO A NUMBER OF QUESTIONS AND HERE'S MR. GORDON WALKER A MOMENT AFTER HIS DEFT, ANSWERING SOME. SOF
    TO THE NATION AT LARGE - WATCHING THE SMETHWICK RUMPUS ON TELEVISION, LORD BOOTHBY, FORMER M.P., BROADCASTER AND AUTHOR, LAUNCHED AN IMMEDIATE BROADSIDE CONDEMNING THE SMETHWICK CONSERVATIVE FOR THE WAY THEY HAD RUN THEIR CAMPAIGN. SOF:
    I THINK IT IS THE MOST DISGUSTING THING THAT HAS EVER HAPPENED IN BRITISH POLITICS, CERTAINLY IN OUR TIME, AND PROBABLY FOR THE LAST 200 YEARS. IT'S REVOLTING FOR SMETHWICK. IT'S A DISGUSTING THING AND WE SHOULD ALL BE ASHAMED OF IT. IT WAS A RACIAL FIGHT IN THE WORST AMERICAN TRADITION.

    OUR REPORTER IN SMETHWICK PROBED THE VIEWS OF THE MAN IN THE STREET THERE. SOF:
    SLOUGH IS THE DOMINANT PART WITH ITS FACTORIES AND A PROSPEROUS HIGH STREET. LAND PRICES THERE HAVE SOARED TO GBP1 MILLION AN ACRE. ITS 600 FACTORIES DRAW THEIR LABOUR PARTIALLY FROM THE NEW COLOURED POPULATION. THERE IS NO SHORTAGE OF WORK, IN FACT 1100 JOBS ARE VACANT.

    THAT, THE HOUSING SHORTAGE AND THE COLOURED PEOPLE'S CONDITIONS WERE THE MAIN TALKING POINT IN THE ELECTION. ONLY 900 OF THE 5,000 WHO CAME INTO THE TOWN SINCE THE 1959 ELECTION WERE ELIGIBLE TO VOTE AND MANY OF THEM LIVE IN OVERCROWDED HOUSES IN THE OLDEST PART OF THE TOWN.

    THE CONSERVATIVE VICTOR SIR ANTHONY MEYER, BARONET, IN HIS CAMPAIGN STRONGLY DEFENDED THE IMMIGRATION ACT AND HE ATTACKED LABOUR'S ATTITUDE. AND HE SAID HE DID NOT WANT THE RACIAL ISSUE TO COME INTO THE ELECTION ISSUES.

    IN PARLIAMENT, LABOUR'S MR. BROCKWAY TRIED HARD SEVERAL TIMES TO GET A BAN PUT ON RACIAL DISCRIMINATION. WITH LABOUR NOW IN POWER, THE QUESTION IS OPEN WHETHER CONTROVERSIAL MEASURES CAN BE CARRIED THROUGH BY A GOVERNMENT WITH THE NARROWEST MAJORITY A BRITISH GOVERNMENT HAS HAD THIS CENTURY.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA3OAILTLQAJO4P6Y41WNGJXWJU
    Media URN:
    VLVA3OAILTLQAJO4P6Y41WNGJXWJU
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    21/10/1964
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    MP4
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:06:04:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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