• Short Summary

    THE ALL-WHITE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA BECAME INTEGRATED YESTERDAY (TUESDAY) WITH THE ENROLMENT OF TWO 20-YEAR-OLD NEGRO STUDENTS, VIVIEN MALONE AND JAMES HOOD.

  • Description

    1.
    LV. EXT UNIVERSITY (2 SHOTS).
    0.09

    2.
    MV GOVERNOR WALLACE AT DOOR OF UNIVERSITY.
    0.12

    3.
    MV GENERAL GRAHAM SOF STARTS: "SIR IT'S MY SAD DUTY GOVERNOR WALLACE REPLIES. SOF ENDS: " BOTH WHITE AND BLACK".
    1.54

    4.
    MV GOVERNOR WALLACE TAKING OFF MICROPHONE.
    2.05

    5.
    LV GOVERNORS WALLACE CROWD TO UNIVERSITY DOOR (2 SHOTS).
    2.33

    6.
    LV GOVERNOR WALLACE'S CAR DRIVES AWAY.
    2.44

    7.
    MV JAMES HOOD THROUGH CROWD TO UNIVERSITY DOOR (2 SHOTS).
    3.00

    8.
    MV CROWD OUTSIDE UNIVERSITY DOOR.
    3.07

    9.
    MV VIVIEN MALONE THROUGH CROWD TO UNIVERSITY DOOR (4 SHOTS).
    3.31


    TRANSCRIPT: GENERAL GRAHAM: "IT IS MY SAD DUTY TO ASK YOU TO STEP ASIDE UNDER THE ORDERS OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, AS A MEMBER OF THE ALABAMA NATIONAL GUARD I HAVE BEEN ORDERED INTO THE FEDERAL SERVICE THIS MORNING AT APPROXIMATELY 10.30. AND IT IS MY DUTY TO ASK YOU TO STEP ASIDE IN ORDER THAT THE ORDER OF THE COURT MAY BE OBSERVED."



    TRANSCRIPT: GOVERNOR WALLACE: "GENERAL, I WISH TO MAKE STATEMENT ."



    GENERAL GRAHAM: "CERTAINLY SIR."



    GOVERNOR WALLACE: "BUT FOR THE UNWARRANTED FEDERALIZATION OF THE NATIONAL GUARD I WOULD AT THIS MOMENT BE YOUR COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. IN FACT I AM YOUR COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. AND I AM THE GOVERNOR OF YOUR STATE AND YOUR GOVERNOR. AND I KNOW THIS IS A BITTER PILL TO SWALLOW FOR THOSE IN THE NATIONAL GUARD OF THIS STATE. WE MUST HAVE NO VIOLENCE TODAY OR ANY OTHER DAY BECAUSE THESE NATIONAL GUARDSMEN WHO ARE HERE TODAY AS FEDERAL SOLDIERS ARE ALABAMANS AND THEY LIVE WITHIN OUR BORDERS AND THEY ARE OUR BROTHERS. WE ARE WINNING THIS FIGHT BECAUSE WE ARE AWAKENING THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO DANGERS THAT WE HAVE SPOKEN ABOUT SO MANY TIMES WHICH IS SO EVIDENT TODAY, THE TREND TOWARDS MILITARY DICTATORSHIP IN THIS COUNTRY. WE SHALL NOW RETURN TO MONTGOMERY FOR THE PURPOSE OF CONTINUING THIS FIGHT, THIS CONSTITUTIONAL FIGHT, THIS CONSTITUTIONAL FIGHT BECAUSE WE ARE WINNING. WE SHALL CONTINUE TO WORK FOR A BETTER ALABAMA FOR ALL THE PEOPLE OF THIS STATE BOTH WHITE AND NEGRO AND IT IS MY PRAYER THAT GOD ABOVE SHALL BLESS ALL THE PEOPLE OF THIS STATE BOTH WHITE AND BLACK." (APPLAUSE).




    Initials DD/N/BHH/GH


    NOTE: PROD 4291/63 & 4286/63 - TROOPS GUARD UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT & GOVERNOR WALLACE TALK TO REPORTERS ALSO REFER.

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: THE ALL-WHITE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA BECAME INTEGRATED YESTERDAY (TUESDAY) WITH THE ENROLMENT OF TWO 20-YEAR-OLD NEGRO STUDENTS, VIVIEN MALONE AND JAMES HOOD.THE TWO STUDENTS ENROLLED AT THEIR SECOND ATTEMPT AND BACKED BY LOCAL ARMED NATIONAL GUARDSMEN WHO HAD BEEN PUT UNDER FEDERAL CONTROL ON THE ORDERS OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY.AND THE MAN WHO SAID THAT HE WOULD PERSONALLY BAR THE WAY TO THE STUDENTS, THE STATE GOVERNOR GEORGE C.WALLACE, WALKED AWAY FROM THE UNIVERSITY BUILDING IN THE TREE-LINED TOWN OF TUSCALOOSA.

    AT THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO ENROL, THE ENTRANCE TO THE ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING WAS BLOCKED BY GOVERNOR WALLACE.FOUR TIMES DEPUTY ATTORNEY-GENERAL NICHOLAS KATZENBACH ORDERED GOVERNOR TO STAND ASIDE "IN THE NAME OF THE PRESIDENT".WHEN GOVERNOR WALLACE REFUSED KATZENBACH LEFT.THEN PRESIDENT KENNEDY PLACED THE ALABAMA NATIONAL GUARD ON DUTY ROUND THE BUILDING UNDER FEDERAL CONTROL.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA3N9ZXZVUJHE91CL0GYBE99HPN
    Media URN:
    VLVA3N9ZXZVUJHE91CL0GYBE99HPN
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    12/06/1963
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:03:30:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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