• Short Summary

    PRESIDENT KENNETH KAUNDA OF ZAMBIA HAS THIS MONTH NATIONALISED THE ZAMBIAN COPPER INDUSTRY AND AT THE SAME TIME TAKEN PERSONAL CONTROL OF HIS RULING UNITED NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE PARTY.

  • Description

    PRESIDENT KENNETH KAUNDA OF ZAMBIA HAS THIS MONTH NATIONALISED THE ZAMBIAN COPPER INDUSTRY AND AT THE SAME TIME TAKEN PERSONAL CONTROL OF HIS RULING UNITED NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE PARTY. THE RESIGNATION THIS WEEK OF VICE-PRESIDENT SIMON KAPWEWE HAS HEIGHTENED THE AIR OF CRISIS HANGING OVER HIS RULE. THE ZAMBIAN JUDICIARY HAS COME UNDER PRESSURE AND FRESH TRIBAL SCHISMS ARE THREATENED. INVESTIGATORS ARE STILL PROBING THE MYSTERIOUS EXPLOSION WHICH DESTROYED THE PRESIDENT'S PERSONAL AIRCRAFT THIS WEEK AND KILLED THREE PEOPLE ABOARD.

    KENNETH KAUNDA WAS BORN AT THE LUBWA MISSION IN THE CHINSALI DISTRICT OF NORTHERN RHODESIA IN APRIL, 1924. HIS FATHER WAS A CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONARY, HIS MOTHER A TEACHER. AFTER HIS FATHER DIED IN 1932 KAUNDA HAD TO EARN THE FEES FOR HIS SCHOOLING AS A KITCHEN BOY.

    FROM THE LUBWA MISSION SCHOOL HE WENT TO THE MUNALI SECONDARY SCHOOL, LUSAKA, AND IN 1943 RETURNED TO LUBWA AS A TEACHER. AFTER FOUR YEARS HE LEFT THIS JOB AND BOTH HE AND HIS WIFE BETTY TOOK UP TEACHING AT MUFULIRA ON THE COPPERBELT. BY 1949, HOWEVER, HE WAS BACK TEACHING IN LUBWA.

    KAUNDA FORMALLY ENTERED POLITICS THE FOLLOWING YEAR, WHEN HE BECAME SECRETARY OF THE CHINSALI BRANCH OF THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS, THE NEWLY-FORMED POLITICAL PARTY HE HAD RECENTLY JOINED. AFTER ORGANISING NEARLY 100 BRANCHES IN THE PROVINCE HE WENT TO LUSAKA IN 1953 TO BECOME SECRETARY-GENERAL AND RIGHT-HAND MAN TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONGRESS, MR. HARRY NKUMBULA.

    HE PARTED FROM NKUMBULA IN 1958 AND FORMED THE ZAMBIA NATIONAL CONGRESS. WITHIN FOUR MONTHS THE NEW PARTY WAS BANNED, AND DR. KAUNDA IMPRISONED.

    SOON AFTER HIS RELEASE IN EARLY 1960 DR. KAUNDA TOOK OVER THE LEADERSHIP OF THE NEWLY-FORMED UNITED NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE PARTY (UNIP), WHICH HAD TAKEN THE PLACE OF THE DEFUNCT ZAMBIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS. AT THE GENERAL ELECTION OF 1962 DR. KAUNDA WAS RETURNED TO THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL AND BECAME MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND SOCIAL WELFARE IN A COALITION GOVERNMENT FORMED BY HIS PARTY AND MR. NKUMBULA'S AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS.

    BRITAIN HAD ALLOWED NYASALAND TO SECEDE FROM THE FEDERATION OF RHODESIA AND NYASALAND, AND THUS ACCEPTED THE RIGHT OF ANY OF THE FEDERATION'S CONSTITUENTS TO BREAK AWAY IF THEY CHOSE. THIS WAS THE PRELUDE TO NORTHERN RHODESIA'S INDEPENDENCE.

    FULL INTERNAL SELF-GOVERNMENT WAS INTRODUCED IN 1964, AND DR. KAUNDA BECAME THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER. IN OCTOBER 1964 DR. KAUNDA WAS MADE PRESIDENT-DESIGNATE OF THE NEWLY FORMED REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA.

    SINCE THEN HE HAS HAD TO COPE WITH RHODESIA'S UNILATERAL DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. HE HAS REMAINED AN OPPONENT OF RHODESIA'S ACTION, AND IS A CONSTANT CRITIC OF BRITAIN'S HANDLING OF THE SITUATION.

    MORE RECENTLY HE HAS VISITED THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, AND HAS RECEIVED LOANS AND PROMISES OF SUPPORT FROM THE PEKING GOVERNMENT. BUSINESS INTERESTS WERE CONCERNED THAT THE EXTENSIVE COPPER HOLDINGS IN ZAMBIA MIGHT BE LOST, BUT AT THE TIME DR. KAUNDA MAINTAINED THAT ZAMBIA WAS AN INDEPENDENT COUNTRY, AND WOULD NOT TAKE ACTION TO SUIT SPECIFIC PARTISAN INTERESTS.

    RECENTLY DR. KAUNDA WAS ASKED ABOUT HIS CLASH WITH THE JUDICIARY, WHICH RESULTED IN TWO BRITISH-BORN JUDGES LEAVING THE COUNTRY, MR. JUSTICE IFOR EVANS AND CHIEF JUSTICE JAMES SKINNER LEFT ZAMBIA AFTER PRESIDENT KAUNDA HAD COUNTERMANDED A COURT RULING BY EVANS AND ISSUED A PUBLIC REBUKE.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA3JJDDNVJ5X88DAQGDH10ROCJN
    Media URN:
    VLVA3JJDDNVJ5X88DAQGDH10ROCJN
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    28/08/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:17:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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