In a speech to a distinguished audience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Cambridge near Boston, Apr. 7, British Premier Harold Macmillan called for widen unity within the western alliance.
GTV Int. Crowd in hall
SV Macmillan walks to rostrum.
CU Macmillan speaks SOF....... "If the world is to progress......... ends..."in the western alliance".
Macmillan SOF..."Three years ago your President Eisenhower...... ends .." unity of purpose, of method, of organization."
GV Hall and cameramen.
SV Macmillan SOF "Moreover we must take care....... ends "with Russia to end nuclear tests".
SV Macmillan SOF... "Why was it that after the war.............. ends "even if they have judged it desperate" (Applause)
CU Macmillan SOF... "I have no doubt.......... ends........ "discussed as impractical dreams".
SV Audience applaud.
"If the world is to progress the unity which science helps to promote must in due course be matched by harmony in international relations. Meanwhile we must face facts as they are. We must first achieve some real unity of political purpose and method in the Western Alliance. Three years ago your President Eisenhower and I declared for interdependence. Today I say interdependence is not enough. We need unity - a wider unity, transcending traditional barriers; unity of purpose, of method, of organisation. Moreover, we must take care lest by building up our own security we perpetuate and encourage a nuclear arms race. That is one reason why I so earnestly hope for a successful outcome of the present negotiations in Geneva. The United States and Britain will do all we can to make this agreement with Russia to end nuclear tests. Why was it that after the war in my Country under Successive Labour and Conservative Governments we spent so many millions of pounds on a nuclear capacity? I will tell you. Although we in Britain have been accustomed for centuries to fighting our battles as part of an alliance, we have always been ready in the last resort to fight alone. There have been times when the world has not regretted our courage, even if they have judged it desperate. I have no doubt of what our aim should be. We ought to work for the largest area of free trade that we can create. Free trade for the Free World; That may still be but a vision. It may be a long time before it can take practical shape. Yet many new and vital ideas are now being discussed by practical men which a few years ago would have been dismissed as impractical dreams.
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Background: In a speech to a distinguished audience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Cambridge near Boston, Apr. 7, British Premier Harold Macmillan called for widen unity within the western alliance. The address was the only public engagement undertaken by the Prime Minister during his visit to the United States for talks on the international situation with President Kennedy.
Stressing the need for political and economic unity in the alliance Mr. Macmillan said,
Throughout the speech the Prime Minister was received in silence apart from a few bursts of laughter. Later the same night Mr. Macmillan returned to Washington for his final, Apr. 8, session with the American President.