Senegal celebrated the twentieth anniversary of its independence on Friday (4 April).
SV AND CU: Senegal's President Leopold Sedar Senghor arrives by motorcade and stands before guards of honour during anthem. (4 shots)
CU: (Left to right) Gambian President Dawda Karaiba Jawara, Senegalese President Senghor and Prime Minister Abdou Diouf seated in stand
SV PAN: School teachers parade past stand. (2 shots))
CU: Airforce contingent pass
GV: Armoured cars pass
GV: Crowd assembled for jazz festival
SV AND CU: The Maxim Sory jazz band playing in stadium with the two Presidents seated listening (3 shots)
GV: Crowd applauds
SV AND CU: Presidential party watch and listen to the Francis Senghor Golden Baobab orchestra (4 shots) (Francis Senghor is the President's son)
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Background: Senegal celebrated the twentieth anniversary of its independence on Friday (4 April). But the country celebrated against a background of increasing criticism of the government.
SYNOPSIS: In the capital city, Dakar, President Leopold Sedar Senghor and other top government officials, attended the celebration festivities. President Senghor has been the country's only president since it gained independence from France. Until 1960 Senegal was a French colony.
Joining the President in the stand was the President of neighbouring Gambia, Sir Dawda Karaiba Jawara who was on a two-day visit to Dakar, and the Senegalese Prime Minister Mr Abdou Diouf.
Along with thousand of others gathered in the stadium, the leaders watched a three-hour civil and military parade. The rest of the day was given over to jazz festival.
Earlier the President has called on his countrymen to work harder, be more methodical and more punctual. Senegal suffered a large balance of payments deficit last year and President Senghor said this was due to unfavourable international conditions and drought in Senegal. He announced a five year plan aimed at cutting imports and boosting local industries, especially chemical and oil production. Venezuela has been helping Senegal to extract oil from a field off its south coast. A tighter control on government spending will also be kept, the President said.
But there is mounting criticism in Senegal of the President's leadership and governmental policies. When President Senghor set up a controlled multi-party democracy two years ago, he created a forum for his critics. The Senegalese Democratic Party, which has 16 seats in the 100-seat National Assembly, recently called for immediate discussions between the four existing political parties, to seek ways of improving the country's economic plight.
They demanded free elections and a government of national unity, Trade unions have been complaining about inflation and government austerity measures.
Opposition has also been directed at the President's designated successor, Premier Diouf. The 72-year old President has said he will remain in office until 1983.