On Monday (4 March) evening Mr. Harold Wilson, after three years nine months of opposition,?
On Monday (4 March) evening Mr. Harold Wilson, after three years nine months of opposition, moved back into Number 10 Downing Street -- the Prime Minister's official residence -- as Britain's new Premier.
Mr. Wilson was called to Buckingham Palace and asked by Queen Elizabeth to form a new Government after Mr. Edward Heath's Conservative Government resigned -- three days after its General Election defeat.
Mr. Wilson's minority administration must first try to end the coal miners' strike and get Britain back to a full working week.
Political observers feel Mr. Wilson's Labour Government could count on the support of the Liberal Party and the small fringe parties for his declared policy of persuading the coal miners quickly back to work.
The new Premier, looking tired told cheering crowds in Downing Street after his return from the Palace: "We've got a job to do. We can only do that job as one people. I am going in to start that job right now".
Mr. Heath finally decided to resign after it became clear that the 14 Liceral members in the new Parliament would not enter into a coalition with the Conservatives.
As removal men began carrying out personal files from Number 10, Mr. Heath said he had through it essential that Government should be continued, and that a coalition was the best way, as neither main party had an absolute mandate.
Ex-Prime Minister Heath found himself temporarily homeless on Monday night and had to stay at a friend's London apartment.
Inside Number 10, Harold Wilson had already assumed the responsibilities of his office. He was at work on drawing up his new Cabinet. He also announced he had invited members of the Irade Union and the Confederation of British Industries to meet him to separate talks on Tuesday (5 March).