Visnews filmed ships flying "flags of convenience" at Rotterdam on day one, December 1, of the four-day boycott.
GV. "LIVANES" - GRAIN SHIP.
LV. STERN OF "LIVANES" - PAN TO QUAY.
SIDE V. OF "LIVANES".
CU. BOW OF "LIVANES".
GV. ROTTERDAM HARBOUR.
GV. "BATIS" - BEING LOADED.
LV. NAME "BATIS" - PAN TO LOADING SHIP
SIDE V. LOADING "BATIS".
GV. THE BUILDING "HERE THE CONFERENCE IS HELD.
SV. MEN SEATED AT TABLE - LEFT TO RIGHT: MR. H.J.KANNE, MR. O.BECU, MR. G.de VRIES.
CU. MR. BECU.
SV. MR. GOLD.
GV. OF PACIFIC CHALLENGER.
LV.PAN of "HADJITSAKOS" IN HARBOUR.
CU. NAME OF SHIP "HADJITSAKOS"
CU. LIBERIAN FLAG.
GV. OF "GALLI" IN HARBOUR.
CU. "GALLI" - ON BOW.
LV.PAN ALONG "GALLI" - EMPTY DECKS.
SHOT ON DECK. OF "GALLI".
LV. OF "HADJITSAKOS" AND "GALLI".
Initials JRG JWH/VCW
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Background: Visnews filmed ships flying "flags of convenience" at Rotterdam on day one, December 1, of the four-day boycott. The boycott was only partially successful because of inter-union rivalry there, but reports on day two estimated 100 ships were affected in countries where the boycott organizers - the International Transport Workers' Federation had their orders applied.
Among the "flag" ships were the 35000-ton Liberian-registered G.s. Livanos, laden with grain, and the Pacific Challenger being towed into harbour. Another Liberian-registered vessel, Hadjitsakos and the Galli, also on the Liberian register, were not being discharged. But later was confusion: one allied union carried out the boycott orders; another refused to.
Visnews was at the specially set up headquarters of the organizers where union leaders had only scanty reports of what was going on in other ports. Some of their claims were later contradicted by employers or the dock police.
One of the main architects of the boycott at the headquarters was M. Oner Becu, the Belgian secretary of the Federation. He said later he was not too discouraged by the confusion, waited for day two ... when a spokesmen was able to report the boycott was "very successful."
(Although he spoke of 100 ships affected, the estimated number of ships registered under the "flags of convenience" was 1200.)
The boycott is aimed at airing the grievances of seaman's conditions in the ships. The Federation say American and Greek shipowners who by registering their ships in Panama, Liberia, Honduras and Costa Rica -the latter now intends to withdraw its licenses -have avoided taxation, also escaped the liability to observe seamen's pay and conditions agreements.