In Turkey former Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit is busy preparing his third government in three years, with the declared ???
GV EXT: Parliament building entrance with security guards, Ankara, Turkey. (TWO SHOTS)
GV TRACKING SHOT AND PAN: Deputies seated in Parliament.
SV & CU: Mr. Bulent Ecevit arriving and taking seat. (TWO SHOTS)
SV: Mr. Suleyman Demirel (right) talking to colleague.
SV: Sick deputy lying on stretcher next to seat.
SCU: Vote being called.
SV: Ecevit seated as deputies vote. (TWO SHOTS)
GV: Deputies,including Ecevit, putting hands up.
SV: Demirel stands up and shakes hands with colleagues.
GV: Deputies leaving.
One of the first tasks of the new government will be to tackle Turkey's economic crisis and the problem of political violence. The country has a huge balance of payments deficit and a chronic shortage of foreign exchange. Political violence claimed more than 200 lives in the past year. President Koruturk has appealed for a dialogue among all political parties to overcome economic, political and social difficulties. After a meeting with the President, Mr. Ecevit said: "Turkey has been living through a crisis for a long time. I hope the new government will solve that crisis".
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Background: In Turkey former Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit is busy preparing his third government in three years, with the declared ??? of bringing political stability to the country. On Sunday (1 January), he was asked by President Fahri Koruturk to form a new administration one day after Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel's three-party right-wing coalition was defeated in Parliament.
SYNOPSIS: Mr. Demirel submitted his resignation to the President after his party lost a confidence vote in the Lower House of the Grand National Assembly in the capital, Ankara. He will stay on as caretaker Premier until a new government takes over.
The coalition government was defeated by 228 votes to 218 in the 450-seat House. This created an opening for Mr. Ecevit's Republican People's Party, which had tabled the no confidence motion. The coalition lasted five months.
Mr. Ecevit arrived for the vote in a confident mood. His party was so sure of victory that it had planned a celebration to mark his return to power before the vote was taken.
Mr. Demirel said he would quit even if he was defeated by a simple majority of those present in the House. But the RPP was taking no chances, and brought in its sick members on stretchers for the crucial vote.
Mr. Ecevit was seeking at least 226 votes to give him the absolute majority be needed, but fell short by 12 votes. His two previous administrations-in 1974 and in June last year-were shortlived. With Mr. Demirel having formed coalitions each time, he may still be looking over Mr. Ecevit's shoulder when he announces his new government.
If Mr. Ecevit is to form an administration without Mr. Demirel's Justice Party, he will need the support of the JP defectors and the few independents and minor party deputies in the Lower House.