Britain called a special meeting at the United Nations Security Council on Thursday (25 November) to deliver an explanation of the Rhodesia agreement signed the previous day.
SV U.K. delegate
TRANSCRIPT: (SEQ. 3): CROWE: "In seeking to find this opening, Mr. President, my government, as they have often made clear, have set themselves in the form of guidelines, five principles to which they have consistently held. These are, that in any settlement, I. The principle and intention of unimpeded progress to majority rule would have to be maintained and guaranteed. 2. There would also have to be guarantees against retrogressive amendment of the constitution. 3. These would have to be immediate improvement in the political status of the African population. 4. There would have to be progress towards ending racial discrimination. 5. The British government would need to be satisfied that any basis proposed for independence was acceptable to the people of Rhodesia as a whole.
These five principles have been reiterated by successive British governments at every stage and they still apply today. It is, of course, the fifth and last, which governs the four principles. The process of hammering out an agreement has been slow and difficult. But we now consider we have agreed proposals which accord with the first four principles which we believe we can now put before the people of Rhodesia and ask them if they want to accept them or not. It is for them to judge. They will have to live under the system, they will have to work it, they will obtain its benefits. My government believes it provides a way forward."
Initials ES. 2137 ES. 2149
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Background: Britain called a special meeting at the United Nations Security Council on Thursday (25 November) to deliver an explanation of the Rhodesia agreement signed the previous day.
Chief British delegate Sir Colin Crowe detailed the settlement proposals, stressing that they fulfilled the five basic principles his government had always insisted upon.
Despite the agreement - which comes six years after Rhodesia seized unilateral independence -- British legislation and sanctions applying to Salisbury remained Sir Colin said.
But, the concluded, the proposals were now ready to go before the Rhodesian people to decide if they wished to accept them or not.