Jet fighters and military hardware went on parade in Lusaka on October 24, as Zambia celebrated 20 years of independence.
GV President Kenneth Kaunda and family in front of State House.
SCU President Kaundra speaking to reporter. (English SOT)
GVs Kaunda walking around town, with officials. (2 SHOTS)
GV Kaunda's birthday celebration in progress. (2 SHOTS)
SV Mozambique President Samora Maonel.
SV Angola's President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos.
GV Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Robert Mugabe arriving.
SV PULL OUT TO GV Dancers performing in stadium.
NIGHT SCENES: GVs Dancers in stadium and fireworks display. (2 SHOTS)
GV & SVs Military march past, as President Kaunda takes salute. (3 SHOTS)
TRANSCRIPT KAUNDA: (SEQ 2) "We're happy with what we have done so far. We've got social and cultural developments, health census, many more clinics and hospitals built, many more schools, primary, secondary, trade schools, colleges, inside Zambia. All these are wonderful achievements. In the field of science and technology, we've achieved a lot. In the matters of defence and security, we've done very well. So on the whole, we've done extremely well against great odds."
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Background: Jet fighters and military hardware went on parade in Lusaka on October 24, as Zambia celebrated 20 years of independence. The previous day, President Kenneth Kaundra, celebrating his 60th birthday, was host to a number of African leaders including Angola's President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, Mozambique's President Samora Machel and Prime Minister Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe. President Kaunda has led his country since independence. Speaking on the eve of lavish celebrations, he said he was satisfied Zambia had come a long way in 20 years. Soviet-built MIG-21 fighters were among the more modern weaponry on display, together with old-fashioned Chinese armoured cars and other, mainly obsolete Soviet and Western hardware. Zambian firms also displayed their wares on the backs of trucks loaded with goods including beer, soap and vegetable oil. The celebrations were taking place at a time of deep recession, caused by a sharp fall in the world price of copper, virtually Zambia's only export. Shortages of basic foodstuffs in shops, combined with inflation of about 20 per cent, are now plaguing the country, but President Kaunda is said to have remained widely popular and unchallenged as national leader of the one-party state. In his televised speech to the nation, President Kaunda blamed the country's problems on the world economic climate and low copper prices. When Zambia came into being 20 years ago, the metal price was high, leading to hopes of long-lasting prosperity. The government has now embarked on an ambitious programme aimed at shifting the economy away from mining and towards agriculture. However, agricultural potential may be hampered by current lack of expertise and unpredictable rainfalls. For the past three years, the country has suffered a serious drought. Yet, despite its economic plight, Zambia boasts a number of successes since the British colony of Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia on October 24, 1964. At independence, there were only 100 university graduates, compared with 7,000 today, and only 14,000 children attending secondary school against today's 100,000. Infant mortality has been almost halved, and life expectancy has risen from 40 years in 1960 to 51 in 1984.