In Yugoslavia, there have been arguments and counter allegations between members at the Non-Aligned Movement's ministerial conference in Belgrade.
GV ZOOM INTO Conference buildings
CU Sign saying "Unity the cornerstone for our strength" in various languages
GV PAN Delegates in conference room
SV Delegates from Ethiopia, Libyan Jamahiriyah, China, Yemen, North Korea, India, Patriotic Front of Zimbabwe (ZANU observer), Arab League (observer), Vietnam (12 shots)
CU & SV Yugoslav Foreign Minister, Mr. Josip Vrhovec, who is also conference president
GV Delegates in conference hall
President Tito's key-note speech reflected deep concern in many non-aligned states that Cuba, with Soviet backing, was trying to split the grouping into so-called progressive and moderate factions, with the progressives looking toward Moscow. Senior diplomats had predicted that Cuba's role, especially its military intervention in African countries, would be one of the flashpoints in the week's debates.
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Background: In Yugoslavia, there have been arguments and counter allegations between members at the Non-Aligned Movement's ministerial conference in Belgrade. Kuwait set off the first major row at Wednesday's (26 July) session when its delegates accused Ethiopia of genocide and suppressing freedom in the unsettled province of Eritrea. Ethiopia's delegate, in turn, charged Kuwait with blatant interference in Ethiopian affairs. In addition, Somalia was reported to be heading a boycott move against the proposed non-aligned summit meeting in Havana next year in protest against Cuban military presence in Africa.
SYNOPSIS: Observers had predicted that this five-day ministerial meeting, paving the way to next year's summit, would be full of uncertainty. They pointed out that the proclaimed unity of the non-aligned movement was crumbling because of military conflicts and political strife. Rows were predicted -- and came to pass.
Among the issues bringing the divisions among members are clashes between regions and countries, such as the Middle East, the Horn of Africa, South-East Asia and Sahara. These struggles have made it harder than ever to define non-alignment. Observers say some nations are more non-aligned than others, and there are doubts that certain countries, such as pro-Soviet Cuba and Vietnam, are non-aligned at all.
The Yugoslav Foreign Minister, Mr. Josip Vrhovic. (pronounced VRRHOVITCH) was elected as conference president. The previous day, his leader, President Josip Tito of Yugoslavia, had delivered what was called a barely-disguised warning to non-aligned countries about Soviet and Cuban involvement in Africa, and criticised the big powers as a threat to peace. He urged members to close ranks in settling their major conflicts.