Shortly after one of France's worst anti-Semitic massacres, the Justice Minister, Monsieur Robert Badinter, has rejected the idea of special measures to deal with a wave of violence in the country.
1. (MONO) PARIS, 1961: GV EXTERIOR Courbevoie Town Hall - CU Clock - GVs & SVs People clearing debris from wrecked offices (5 shots) 0.15
2. (COLOUR) GV & SV Workmen clearing up broken glass in street (2 shots) 0.19
3. PARIS, 1978: GV ZOOM IN TO Iraqi embassy window - GVs police taking cover and police vehicles moving into position outside embassy - Iraqi security men being arrested and taken away (4 shots)
4. PARIS, 1979: GVs & SVs & PAN bomb damaged FNLC building - wrecked cars in street. (6 shots) 1.04
5. PARIS, 1980: LV & SV Woman sweeping away bomb damage debris - GVs wrecked vehicles (4 shots) 1.13
6. GVs Jewish demonstrators chanting as they march down Champs Elysees (2 shots) 1.19
7. PARIS, 1981: SV South Yemen embassy - GV INTERIOR embassy showing courtyard, damaged building and windows (2 shots) 1.26
8. PARIS, 1981: GVs Police arriving at Turkish Cultural Centre - police standing around doorway in bullet-proof waistcoats (2 shots) 1.37
9. GV Woman standing at window showing letter and gunman appears and holds pistol to her head 1.51
10. PARIS, 1981: GV Crowd chanting outside Turkish culture centre - GV Hostages filing out of building (2 shots) 2.13
11. PARIS, 1982: GVs & SVs Detectives on pavement - SVs chalkmarks where spent gun shells found - GV sawdust covering bloodstains (2 shot) 2.22
12. PARIS, 1982: GV Police inspecting wreckage PAN DOWN TO body on a stretcher and blood-stained pavement - SCU Woman with face covered in blood in ambulance - GV Injured woman being carried away on stretcher (3 shots) 2.40
13. PARIS, 1982: GV Police at scene of explosion in Rue du Dessous des Berges - AERIAL VIEW wrecked car (2 shots) 2.50
14. PARIS, 1982: SV PULL BACK TO GV Injured men on pavement - SV shattered window 3.01
15. SVs Anti-Khomeini street theatre portraying him as a hangman (3 shots) 3.05
16. PARIS, 1982: GVs & SVs Injured and dead being carried out of Jewish restaurant (3 shots) 3.17
17. GV Chalked outline of body on road PAN TO police - SV Body being carried away (2 shots) 3.31
18. SV INTERIOR Mitterrand at memorial service in synagogue - SV Mitterrand leaving as Jewish demonstrators chant (2 shots) 3.47
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Shortly after one of France's worst anti-Semitic massacres, the Justice Minister, Monsieur Robert Badinter, has rejected the idea of special measures to deal with a wave of violence in the country. Writing in the newspaper "Le Matin" on August 12, he said freedom could not defend itself by taking measures which kill freedom. France is proud of its record in welcoming refugees of all political persuasions -- but other European countries have expressed concern that it has become a refuge for extremist guerrillas. Much of the political violence in France has taken place during the last 20 years.
SYNOPSIS: The town hall at Courbevoie, 1961. An explosion was set off there by extremists during an uprising led by French generals in Algiers. The bombs were part of their long campaign to keep Algeria under French administration. Fortunately no one was killed.
In 1978, the Israeli embassy in Paris was attacked by gunmen, said to be dissident members of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, who walked in an opened fire indiscriminately. A policeman was killed . This month (August 11) the embassy was the target for terrorism once again. An explosion outside the building injured two pedestrians and a policeman.There was no immediate evidence that the explosion was linked to other recent violence in the capital...
The aftermath of a bomb attack on the headquarters of the National Front for the Liberation of Corsica (FNLC). It took place in Paris in 1979, as time when acts of extremism were increasing.
Three men and a young girl were killed in 1980 after a bomb exploded outside a crowded synagogue in Paris. A wave of anti-Semitism appeared to be a brewing in France.
A rocket attack on the South Yemen Embassy in 1981 was reported to be in retaliation for the synagogue bombing.
Later that year, four Armenian guerrillas seized 51 hostages at the Turkish Cultural Centre in Paris. They killed a guard and wounded the Turkish vice-consul during the take-over.
A dramatic development came when this woman appeared at the upstairs window. While being held at gun-point she threw a note to an Armenian journalist in the street.
After a 15-hour ordeal for the hostages, the terrorists surrendered to the police. France refused to give political asylum to them. Two deadlines had passed in which the guerrillas threatened to kill the hostages and blow up the building. Their demand for the release of Armenian prisoners held in Turkish prisons had failed.
Chalk marks on a Paris footpath marked the spot where an American military attache was shot dead last January. A Lebanese group claimed responsibility for the killing.
The carnage continued in April when a car bomb exploded in a crowded street in the capital. One woman was killed and 46 other were injured in the explosion. The apparent target of the attack was the headquarters of an Arab language newspaper.
Another death came in July when the deputy leader of the Palestine Liberation Organisation in Paris was killed by a bomb outside this home. A passer-by was injured.
And in a recent parcel bomb explosion, an Iranian student suffered serious burns and lost a hand. The blast came as anti-Khomeini demonstrators staged a series of marches in Paris and other cities.
The attack on a Jewish restaurant in Paris on August 9, was the worst anti-Jewish violence in France since World War Two. Six people died and 12 were wounded when gunmen went on the rampage at the Jo Goldenberg restaurant. Two men walked in posing as lunchtime customers, then hurled a grenade and sprayed diners and staff with bullets from machine pistols.
President Mitterrand was jeered by several hundred demonstrators when he attended a memorial service for the victims. Israeli Prime Minister Begin said he would call on young Jews in France to defend themselves if the government took no action against new-Nazi groups.
Source: PETER COYLE