The construction of the port of Kholmsk on the Soviet Union island of Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk has entered its second phase with a series of underwater blasts.
GV & SV Underwater explosions in harbour (3 shots)
SV Cargo loaded aboard ship
GV Ferry boat leaves harbour
GV & PAN Harbour with cargo ships being loaded (6 shots)
SV Laden truck arriving at quayside
Initials BB/2020 DE/MR/BB/2005
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Background: The construction of the port of Kholmsk on the Soviet Union island of Sakhalin in the Sea of Okhotsk has entered its second phase with a series of underwater blasts.
The project began a few years ago to give the island a harbour capable of taking large, modern vessels.
Blasting is necessary because conventional methods failed with the bad weather conditions. Thousands of toms of the bottom reek are being dislodged with each blast.
The port is now in operation, although would will probably bot be finished until 1980. At present, ferry train services are carried out between the mainland and the island, across the Tacar Gulf.
These are four ferry ice-breakers carrying out the service and since they began work about two years ago they have carried 50,000 rail cars laden with freight.
The work on the port is part of the Baikul Amur railway system which will provide a direct link between the island and the mainland Soviet Union.
The railway is the U.S.S.R.'s main rail project at present. it is more than three thousand kilometres long and will ling Siberia's Lake Baikal with the pacific Ocean. The railway will make it possible to exploit the mineral resources of Siberia, and its vast tracts of forests.
Soviet planners anticipate that the line will open on 1982 and it is estimated that the total freight carried on the railway will approach 75 million tons by the second half of the 1980s.
The line will also carry part of the increasing stream of containers which have been crossing the Soviet Union from Japan to West Europe in recent years.
SYNOPSIS: Work's going well on the construction of a harbour at Kholmsk on the Okhotsk Sea Island of Sakhalin in the Soviet Union. Underwater blasting now taking place along the sea-bed forms the second phase of operations to widen the harbour for large modern vessels.
Although the work won't be finished for about another five years, the harbour is now in use. Four ferry ice-breakers carry cargo from the island to the mainland. The service has been operating for about two years and eventually it will be part of the massive railway system which will link Siberia's Lake Baikal with the Pacific Ocean. The three thousand kilometres line will also be carrying container freight from Japan to West Europe.