Drought has brought famine and death to the arid north of Kenya. In the capital,?
NAIROBI AND SURROUNDS, KENYA (JANURAY 29, 1974) (REUTERS)
SV & CU Sign "Nairobi City Council water purification plant, Kabete (2 shots)
SV Water valves pan to level indicator showing it at 4 ft. (2 shots)
GV Pan Reservoir
SV Inspectors replacing cover over manhole
SV & CU notice warning of water shortage (2 shots)
SCU Man reading newspaper about water shortage (4 shots)
SV Pan Woman approaching public tap in Pumwani suburb
People filling cans from water tap (4 shots)
Initials SC/1913 SC/1935
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Background: Drought has brought famine and death to the arid north of Kenya. In the capital, Nairobi, water is also in short supply, but not because of the drought. A fast growing population has created a demand for water that the city authorities have found themselves unable to meet.
A lowering of pressure has reduced the supply, and residents wasting water face fines of GBP 50 ($ 122). But in spite of the restrictions, communal taps in some parts of the city have been reduced to a trickle, forcing people to fetch untreated water form rivers and ponds.
Half a million people now live in Nairobi and their demand for water is currently running at 18 million gallons (72 million litres) a day -- one million gallons (4 million litres) more than the Kabete Treatment plant can supply. A new reservoir is to be opened shortly at Gigiri to store water from the new Ghania River scheme at Ngethu, fifty miles (80 metres) from Nairobi. This will add another 8 million gallons (32 million litres) to the daily supply, which is expected to solve the city's water problems for some time to come.