Drought has brought famine and death to the arid north of Kenya. In the capital,?
Drought has brought famine and death to the arid north of Kenya. In the capital, Nairobi, water is also in short supply, but not because of the drought. A fast growing population has created a demand for water that the city authorities have found themselves unable to meet.
A lowering of pressure has reduced the supply, and residents wasting water face fines of GBP 50 ($ 122). But in spite of the restrictions, communal taps in some parts of the city have been reduced to a trickle, forcing people to fetch untreated water form rivers and ponds.
Half a million people now live in Nairobi and their demand for water is currently running at 18 million gallons (72 million litres) a day -- one million gallons (4 million litres) more than the Kabete Treatment plant can supply. A new reservoir is to be opened shortly at Gigiri to store water from the new Ghania River scheme at Ngethu, fifty miles (80 metres) from Nairobi. This will add another 8 million gallons (32 million litres) to the daily supply, which is expected to solve the city's water problems for some time to come.