Richard M. Nixon, Vice President of the United States continued his Russian tour by flying,?
Richard M. Nixon, Vice President of the United States continued his Russian tour by flying, July 28th, from Leningrad to Novosibirsk, in the heart of once-dreaded Siberia.
Thousands of peasants and workers in this Siberian town, barred to foreign tourists ever since the Bolshevik Revolution, turned out to give him a great welcome. It was for many their first contact with people from beyond the Iron Curtain.
The 83 Western correspondents, radio commentators, photographers and television cameraman who accompanied the Vice President formed the largest non-Communist Press group to be allowed to travel east of the Urals in Russian history.
In Novosibirsk, largest city in Siberia and now the eighth most populous in the Soviet Union, Mr. Nixon visited one of the largest machine-building centre where some of the machine tools made there weigh hundreds of tons. Here he was heckled three times by workers in the plant, but the Vice President gave as good as he got.
At the Novosibirsk State Ballet the Vice President and Mrs. Nixon were again mobbed in friendly enthusiasm when they visited the buffet in the interval.
Following his rousing reception in Novosibirsk Mr. Nixon flew to Sverdlovsk, key city in industrial and military production and normally closed to foreigners.
At the Airport Mr. Nixon greeted a crowd of young Russians with the phrase "Mir i druzhba" (Peace and Friendship) and drove on to the Town Hell where a crowd of 3,000 closed round him in greeting.
On the way to one of the biggest Copper Mines in the Urals near Sverdlovsk where he went down 700 ft, and talked with the drillers underground,his car cavalcade stopped at the monument marking the boundary between Europe and Asia for a traditional champagne-drinking ceremony.
One place NOT Shown to Mr. Nixon was the house in Sverdlovsk where the last Russian Czar Nicholas II and his family were shot and bayonetted to death in a cellar on July 16th 1918. Now occupied by the Sverdlovsk Institute of Marxism-Leninism the cellar is used for storing 'party archives' and is not open to visitors.
Still in the Urals at Pervouralsk Mr. Nixon explained to gathering of Communist Chiefs the reasons for the U.S. and her allies maintaining their military strength and overseas bases. He then toured the huge tube-rolling mills set beside the Trans-Siberian Railway where young women provided at least a quarter of the working staff and where work was in full swing. Here is carried out precision work of the highest order for Soviet jets, rockets and nuclear reactors.
The Vice President's last call before flying back to Moscow on July 31st was to the site of an atomic power station at Beloyarsk, 22 miles from Sverdlovsk. Chief Engineer, Dr. Nicolai Kugushev told him that the station would be fully active in 1961.
Throughout the strenuous tour, the Vice President's wife had spent much time with Russian women and children in the areas visited.