SYNOPSIS: The Science Pilot on Skylab Four is Dr. Edward Gibson, 37, who holds a?
SYNOPSIS: The Science Pilot on Skylab Four is Dr. Edward Gibson, 37, who holds a Ph.D. in Engineering, and whose personal hobby happens to be making solar observations. Dr. Gibson also has written a book on solar physics. Entitled "The Quiet Sun", the book was published in 1973.
On the mission of Skylab Four...well beyond the interfering atmosphere of earth...Dr. Gibson will continue to gather new and invaluable date on various phenomena, such as the solar flares, ultraviolet brightness of a number of stars, the ozone layer and tiny particles existing in the upper atmosphere and surrounding the spacecraft. Another mission highlight will be the once-in-a lifetime opportunity to take a number of photographs of the Comet Kohoutek, described as the most spectacular comet of this century.
Born in Buffalo, N. Y., Gibson earned an engineering degree from the University of Rochester, and Master's and Doctoral degrees from the California Institute of Technology. His doctorate was in Engineering, with a minor in physics. His technical publication were in the field of plasma physics.
He worked as a senior research scientist with the Applied Research Laboratories of Philco Corporation, before being named a NASA Scientist-Astronaut in 1965.
Five other Scientist-Astronauts were named at the same time, including Dr. Joseph Kerwin and Dr. Owen Garriott, Gibson's Science pilot counterparts on Skylab missions two and three.
While Medical Doctor Kerwin's specialty is the medical field,
and Dr. Garriott's specialty is the ionosphere abbey the earth...
...Dr. Gibson's specialty is the sun itself. Our better understanding of the sun...thanks to skylab...may well lead the way to new means of generating and controlling energy for use on earth.
It is a requirement that all astronauts...including scientist-astronauts...maintain the ??? sharp responses of a pilot of high performance aircraft. Soon after being named an astronaut, Dr. Gibson began a course in flight training Williams Air force Base in Arizona eventually winning his Air Forces and logging 1500 hours of flying time.
Then there are years of additional training, including a survival in Panama...
...and parachute survival training at Perrin Air Force Base in Sherman, Texas.
Later, her served as a member of the support crew for the Apollo 12 flight.
For months prior to launch, Dr. Gibson and his Skylab Four crewmates have painstakingly rehearsed the scores of experiments and demonstrations to be performed during the scheduled 56-day flight, in which they will record bio-medical data, photograph the sun and the earth thousands of times, and evaluate the prospects for space ship habitability over long periods of time.
As the Science Pilot of Skylab Four, Dr. Ed Gibson has an opportunity thus far enjoyed by few scientists... to do research in a laboratory 270 miles above the earth!