Afghanistan's new left-wing government has launched an extensive purge of top civil servants and members of the dynasty which ruled the country for more than a year.
GV: Kabul street scene with Hindu Kush mountains in background.
LV PULL BACK TO GV: houses on hillside with river in foreground.
LV AND CU: market scenes (2 shots)
LV AND CU: crowds buying newspapers from bus. (2 shots)
CU: newspaper portrait of new leader Mohammed Tarakki being shown by people in street.
LV: people strolling through streets reading news papers.
GV: Jums Masjid mosque.
LV AND CU: men praying outside mosque. (5 shots)
Former President Daoud and the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah -- his cousin and brother-in-law whom he overthrew in a bloodless coup five years ago -- were members of the Mohammedzai clan. The Mohammedzais have dominated the top positions in government and the armed forces for more than 100 years. There has been growing ill-feeling toward the Mohammedzai dynasty in recent years with the spread of education in Afghanistan, because its members were still preferred for prestige jobs, despite lack of qualifications. New agencies quote diplomats as saying one of the main tasks of the new government is to make itself acceptable to the country's overwhelmingly Moslem population. For this reason, the diplomats say, President Tarakki has been soft-pedalling his left-wing ideology, but they say there is little doubt of his strongly pro-Soviet bias.
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Background: Afghanistan's new left-wing government has launched an extensive purge of top civil servants and members of the dynasty which ruled the country for more than a year. Reuter's news agency says about 60 foreign ministry officials have been dismissed and most ambassadors have been asked to resign.
SYNOPSIS: In Kabul, the capital, life is returning to normal after the coup. But underneath the calm surface, major changes are taking place. President Daoud was overthrown on April the 27th, and 4,000 people, including many members of his family and government, are reported to have died. Although the new President, Nur Mohammad Tarakki, claims only 60 or 70 people died in the coup, Reuter quotes reliable sources as saying this figure applies only to members of the Daoud family and government officials who were killed.
The new President, Mr Tarakki, has said bluntly that relations with the United States, the Soviet Union and other leading powers would depend on the amount of aid they were prepared to give to Afghanistan. He said Afghanistan would not become a Soviet satellite, and wanted good relations with both Washington and Moscow. He said he expected economic assistance without strings to help overcome the problems of his backward, mountainous land.
President Tarakki stressed that his government would not join any military pacts, adding that no government would be justified in interfering in Afghanistan's internal politics.
Diplomats and foreign businessmen say they have seen neighbours, relatives of the former ruling family, removed from their homes after the eleven o'clock nightly curfew. The Daoud family's property has virtually all been nationalised.