The city of Irkutsk was founded in 1652, on the banks of Angara river, fifty miles from Lake Baikal.
The city of Irkutsk was founded in 1652, on the banks of Angara river, fifty miles from Lake Baikal. It is one of the most ancient towns of Siberia, whose vastness lay almost unexplored and scarcely populated before the October Socialist Revolution in Russia.
This is the centre of East Siberia's economic and cultural life.
The development of the city was largely predetermined by its exceptionally favourable geographical location. Routes linking European Russia with the Far East and the oriental nations passed through Irkutsk. The Trans-Siberian railway line passed through the city at the turn of the century, which further raised its importance.
Big fur centre; very rich in minerals; Irkutsk region has tremendous timber resources.
It is the seat of the East Siberian Section of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The city has more than 20 different scientific institutions...large cultural centre//////